Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 23, pp 19909–19922 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of photocatalytic TiO2/WO3 films on functionalized stainless steel

  • Adel Ben Youssef
  • Nesrine BarbanaEmail author
  • Mohammad Al-Addous
  • Latifa Bousselmi


In this study, both TiO2 and WO3 were synthetized using controlled hydrolysis followed by dialysis. The produced transparent emulsions were dried into powders. Then, TiO2–WO3 photocatalyst films were deposited by pulsed electrophoretic deposition. The substrates were made of stainless steel pre-functionalized in a conversion bath. The conversion layer played an important role in the adhesion of the composite film into the substrate. Film surface morphology, crystallinity, roughness, thickness, and elemental composition were determined from XRD, optical profilometry and SEM–EDX measurements. The mechanical properties were resolute by nano-indentation test and adhesion was investigated using a scratch test. The photocatalytic decolorization of the Amido Black-10B dye was studied over TiO2–WO3 coatings under UV irradiation. TiO2 film doped 5% WO3 film exhibited the best photocatalytic activity due to its crystalline size and three-phase structure as well as a synergetic effect of TiO2–Fe2O3 and TiO2–WO3. This film showed also good adhesion properties.



Electrophoretic deposition

Pulsed EPD

Pulsed electrophoretic deposition


Chemical oxygen demand


Amido black-10B


Load charge


Decolorization efficiency


Young’s modulus




Stainless steel


Conversion layer


Direct current





This research was undertaken under the frame of the Contract-Programme between the Center of Water Research and Technologies (CERTE) and the Ministry in charge of the research in Tunisia. It was carried in collaboration with the laboratory of Wastewater and Environment of CERTE, the National High School of Engineers of Tunisia and the German Jordanian University.

Supplementary material

10854_2018_121_MOESM1_ESM.tif (704 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIF 703 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel Ben Youssef
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nesrine Barbana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Al-Addous
    • 3
  • Latifa Bousselmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Water Research and Technologies Technopark of Borj-CedriaSolimanTunisia
  2. 2.National High School of Engineers of TunisiaUniversity of TunisTunisTunisia
  3. 3.Energy Engineering DepartmentGerman Jordanian UniversityAmmanJordan

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