Fabrication and electrochemical performance of delafossite CuFeO2 particles as a stable anode material for lithium-ion batteries
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The delafossite CuFeO2 anode materials have been successfully synthesized by hydrothermal process with different temperatures. The X-ray diffraction patterns reveal that two structural polytypes of CuFeO2 with 3R-CuFeO2 and 2H-CuFeO2 are obtained. The results of field-emission scanning electronic microscopy confirm that all CuFeO2 crystals display both hexagonal and rhyombohedral morphologies, which are in good agreement with XRD results. It can be clearly observed that particles sizes of CuFeO2 are increased and the size distributions of particles become broader as hydrothermal temperature increasing. Electrochemical results show that the CuFeO2 particles synthesized at 180 °C for 24 h display the best electrochemical performance and superior cycle performance. The CuFeO2 materials obtained at 180 °C for 24 exhibit a high reversible capacity and high-rate capability (a reversible capability of 390, 276, 185, 133, and 85 mA h g− 1 at 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2C, respectively) with good cycling performance (approximate 6.8% capacity loss after 500 cycles at 1C with a capacity retention of 124 mA h g− 1). The excellent electrochemical performance can be attributed to the small particle size and narrow size distributions. It is believed that obtained CuFeO2 crystals as anode materials with high reversible capacity, good rate capability and cyclic stability may be potential candidates for applying in lithium-ion batteries.
This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11374304), the Foundation of Educational Commission of Anhui Province (KJ2018A0393, KJ2016B004 and KJ2018A0394), and the Key Foundation of Educational Commission of Anhui Province (KJ2016SD53).