Multivariable optimization of carbon nanoparticles synthesized from waste facial tissues by artificial neural networks, new material for downstream quenching of quantum dots

  • Taha Roodbar ShojaeiEmail author
  • Mohamad Amran Mohd Salleh
  • Hossein Mobli
  • Mortaza AghbashloEmail author
  • Meisam TabatabaeiEmail author


In this study, water-soluble carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) were synthesized by using waste facial tissue as a non-recyclable waste and the efficiency of CNPs in quenching mechanism of cadmium-telluride quantum dots (QDs) was investigated. In addition, CNPs synthesis was modeled by using artificial neural networks (ANN). To find the optimum model, ANN was trained by using different algorithms. Then, the generated models were statistically assessed and subsequently, the capability of the selected model for predicting the mean diameter size of the nanoparticles was verified. Based on the results, the model GA-4-7-1 had the most optimal statistical characteristics. Furthermore, the most pronounced effect on mean diameter size was associated to HNO3 concentration while temperature demonstrated the least influence. Moreover, the quenching study confirmed the capability of the synthesized CNPs in quenching QDs.


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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

10854_2018_595_MOESM1_ESM.doc (114 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 114 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering of Agricultural Machinery, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, College of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesUniversity of TehranKarajIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Biofuel Research Team (BRTeam)KarajIran
  4. 4.Microbial Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII)Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran

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