Structural, magnetic and impedance spectroscopy properties of Ho3+ modified BiFeO3 multiferroic thin film

  • Yilin Zhang
  • Yuhan Wang
  • Ji Qi
  • Yu Tian
  • Junkai Zhang
  • Maobin Wei
  • Yanqing LiuEmail author
  • Jinghai YangEmail author


In this work, pure BiFeO3 (BFO) and Bi1−xHoxFeO3 (BHxFO, x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) thin films were satisfactorily prepared via the facile sol–gel method. We studied the evolution of the structure and morphology of Ho-doped thin films and the related diversification in magnetic and electrochemical properties. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy measurements confirmed the substitutions of Ho into Bi site and lattice distortion from rhombohedral (R3c) to orthorhombic (Pbnm) structure. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy results revealed an improvement of surface morphology and a decrease of average particle sizes. Magnetization measurements exhibited that the saturation magnetization (Ms) of BH0.10FO thin film (Ms = 17.05 emu/cm3) increases by approximately four times, compared to BFO thin film (Ms = 4. mu/cm3) at room temperature. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed the minimum electrical resistivity value is 1.650 × 106 Ω cm. There are numerous reports on the electrochemical properties of Ho-substituted BFO ceramics and powders. However, electrochemical properties of BHxFO thin films are rarely reported. This study provides fundamental insights of understanding the tunable ferromagnetic and electrochemical properties of Ho-doped BFO thin film.



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51441006), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51608226), the Program for the Development of Science and Technology of Jilin Province (Item No. 20150204085GX) and the Thirteenth Five-Year Program for Science and Technology of Education Department of Jilin Province (JJKH20180769KJ).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yilin Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuhan Wang
    • 2
  • Ji Qi
    • 1
  • Yu Tian
    • 1
  • Junkai Zhang
    • 1
  • Maobin Wei
    • 1
  • Yanqing Liu
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jinghai Yang
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of EducationJilin Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Jilin Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

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