Mechanical and microwave absorption properties of 3D-printed Li0.44Zn0.2Fe2.36O4/polylactic acid composites using fused deposition modeling
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3D printing technology has attracted more and more interest in rapid manufacturing of components with complex shapes by pre-design. In the present work, various content of Li0.44Zn0.2Fe2.36O4 (LZFO) particles as reinforcement were added to polylactic acid (PLA) matrix for preparing 3D-printed composites by using fused deposition modeling (FDM). The structure and morphological characteristics were systematically examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, mechanical, thermal and microwave absorption properties of 3D-printed LZFO/PLA composites with different contents were investigated in detail. Tensile strength and Young’s modulus of the LZFO/PLA composite with 10 wt% LZFO content were remarkably improved than that of original PLA. Thermal stability of the composite with 5 wt% LZFO content was the best among the test specimens. Microwave absorption property suggested that the reflection loss (RL) of the composite with 20 wt% LZFO can reach − 32.4 dB at 3.8 GHz and − 31.8 dB at 16.1 GHz with the thickness of 6 mm, and the effective bandwidth corresponding to RL (≤ − 10 dB) reaches 2.1 GHz (3.1–5.2 GHz) and 1.8 GHz (14–15.8 GHz). Therefore, 3D-printed LZFO/PLA composites prepared by FDM can be an incredibly promising novel 3D printable microwave absorption candidate with other comprehensive properties. Moreover, microwave absorbing materials prepared by 3D printing technology especially using FDM may become the development trend of this kind of materials in the future.
This work was supported by the Foundation of Graduate Innovation Center in NUAA (kfjj20170601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51702158), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. NS2017036).
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
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