Unlike the mechanisms behind their enhanced mechanical properties, application of artificial nacre-like materials has attracted very little attention from scholars. In this study, we designed a unique artificial nacre-like material that integrated outstanding mechanical properties and dielectric insulation properties by assembling MTM nanosheet and aramid nanofiber (ANF) through vacuum-assisted filtration. Compared with other nanocomposite films, the layered ANF/MTM nanocomposite film displayed superior mechanical properties (the tensile strength of ~ 126.5 MPa and elongation at break of ~ 2.56%) and dielectric insulation performance (77.2 kV/mm). In addition, it exhibited good transparency and flexibility. Therefore, this nanocomposite film has great potential for application in flexible electronics and high-voltage electrical insulation.
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The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the National Key Research and Development Plan (2017YFB0308300), Key Scientific Research Group of Shaanxi Province (2017-KCT-02), Key Laboratory Research Project of Shaanxi Education Department (Project No. 18JS011), Shaanxi Provincial Natural Science Basic Research Plan (Project No. 2019JQ-108).
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Appendix A. Supplementary data The supplementary data include transparency, cross-sectional images and fracture morphologies of ANF/MTM nanocomposite films, and the comparison of tensile strength and dielectric breakdown strength of ANF/MTM film, natural nacres and reported aramid fiber-based materials. (DOCX 2545 kb)
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Si, L., Lu, Z., Yao, C. et al. Nacre-like nanocomposite film with excellent dielectric insulation properties and mechanical strength based on montmorillonite nanosheet and aramid nanofiber. J Mater Sci (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-020-04412-0