Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 10, pp 4170–4178 | Cite as

Compressive behavior of the SiC-NWs/MCF composites with a designed double-nest microstructure

  • Junxiong Zhang
  • Zhaofeng ChenEmail author
  • Wei Zhao
  • Lixia Yang
  • Xinli Ye
  • Sheng Cui
  • Zhou Chen
  • Songbai Xue


The microstructure is a key factor for the comprehensive performance of carbon foam, especially for mechanical property. SiC nanowires/melamine-based carbon foam composites with a designed controllable double-nest microstructure were fabricated, which was made of a kind of hairy structure consisting of carbon skeleton with SiC nanowires sprouting out from them. This composite was ultralight with a minimum density of 5.56 mg/cm3. It also exhibited a good mechanical property that the compressive strength was improved to 45.67–73.11 kPa for each different microstructure, which is over 3–4.8 times than that of the matrix. This straining process of this designed double-nest microstructure was further investigated, and three mechanical models were built based on the octahedral model for analyzing the compressive process of this composite. By calculating and simulating the proposed model C, we obtained an empirical equation, and it was successfully utilized to calculate the compressive stress of this double-nest microstructure.



The present work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51772151, 51804169, 51761145103 and 51905268). This work was also supported by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.


  1. 1.
    Min G, Zengmin S, Weidong C, Hui L (2007) Anisotropy of mesophase pitch-derived carbon foams. Carbon 45(1):141–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang C, Wang C, Zhan L, Wang C, Wang Y, Ling L (2011) Synthesis of carbon foam covered with carbon nanofibers as catalyst support for gas phase catalytic reactions. Mater Lett 65(12):1889–1891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li TQ, Wang CY, An BX, Wang H (2005) Preparation of graphitic carbon foam using size-restriction method under atmospheric pressure. Carbon 9(43):2030–2032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hu H, Zhao Z, Wan W, Gogotsi Y, Qiu J (2013) Ultralight and highly compressible graphene aerogels. Adv Mater 25(15):2219–2223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arunkumar MP, Pitchaimani J, Gangadharan KV, Lenin Babu MC (2016) Influence of nature of core on vibro acoustic behavior of sandwich aerospace structures. Aerosp Sci Technol 56:155–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Letellier M, Macutkevic J, Bychanok D et al (2017) Modelling the physical properties of glasslike carbon foams. J Phys: Conf Ser 879:012014Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu H, Li T, Wang X, Zhang W, Zhao T (2014) Preparation and characterization of carbon foams with high mechanical strength using modified coal tar pitches. J Anal Appl Pyrol 110(1):442–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang H, Zhou Y, Li C et al (2015) Porous nitrogen doped carbon foam with excellent resilience for self-supported oxygen reduction catalyst. Carbon 95:388–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zani A, Dellasega D, Russo V, Passsoni M (2013) Ultra-low density carbon foams produced by pulsed laser deposition. Carbon 56(5):358–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li S, Guo Q, Song Y, Liu Z, Shi J, Liu L, Yan X (2007) Carbon foams with high compressive strength derived from mesophase pitch treated by toluene extraction. Carbon 45(14):2843–2845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kino N, Ueno T, Suzuki Y, Makino H (2009) Investigation of non-acoustical parameters of compressed melamine foam materials. Appl Acoust 70(4):595–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yu S, Chen Z, Wang Y, Luo R, Pan Y (2017) A study of thermal insulation properties and microstructure of ultra-light 3D-carbon foam via direct carbonization of polymer foam. J Porous Mat 10:1–10Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang Y, Chen Z, Yu S, Saeed MU, Xu T, Wang W, Pan Y (2017) A novel ultra-light reticulated SiC foam with hollow skeleton. J Eur Ceram Soc 37(1):53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ye X, Chen Z, Ai S et al (2018) Effect of thickness of SiC films on compressive strength and thermal properties of SiC/MCF composites. Ceram Int 45(4):4674–4679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu S, Chen Z, Tao H, Wang Y, Pan Y, Liao J (2017) Influence of CVI-SiC coating on properties of carbon foam. J Nanjing Univ Aeronaut Astronaut 49(6):865–871Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yu S, Chen Z, Wang Y, Luo R, Li B, Chen Z, Pan Y (2017) Preparation and thermal insulation analysis of SiCw-SiC foam with hollow skeletons via carbon foam template CVI method. Mater Charact 134:296–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ghani M, Maya F, Cerdà V (2016) Automated solid-phase extraction of organic pollutants using melamine–formaldehyde polymer-derived carbon foams. RSC Adv 6(54):48558–48565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    He S, Chen W (2014) High performance supercapacitors based on three-dimensional ultralight flexible manganese oxide nanosheets/carbon foam composites. J Power Sources 262:391–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu Y, Chen Z, Zhang J, Ai S, Tang H (2019) Ultralight and thermal insulation carbon foam/SiO2 aerogel composites. J Porous Mat 7:1–8Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mei H, Han D, Xiao S, Ji T, Tang J, Cheng L (2016) Improvement of the electromagnetic shielding properties of C/SiC composites by electrophoretic deposition of carbon nanotube on carbon fibers. Carbon 109:149–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dai W, Yu J, Wang Y, Song Y, Alam F, Nishimura K, Lin C, Jiang N (2015) Enhanced thermal conductivity for polyimide composites with a three-dimensional silicon carbide nanowire@graphene sheets filler. J Mater Chem A 3(9):4884–4891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang Y, Wang J, Jia P (2011) Performance of forced convection heat transfer in porous media based on Gibson–Ashby constitutive model. Heat Transf Eng 32(11–12):1093–1098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gong L, Kyriakides S, Triantafyllidis N (2005) On the stability of Kelvin cell foams under compressive loads. J Mech Phys Solids 53(4):771–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Liu P (2010) Analyses of buckling failure mode for porous materials under compressive strength. Acta Phys Sin-ch Ed 59(12):8801–8806Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liu P (2000) The tensile strength of porous metals with high porosity. J Adv Mater-Covina 32(2):9–16Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Civalek Ö, Demir Ç (2011) Bending analysis of microtubules using nonlocal Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. Appl Math Model 35(5):2053–2067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chen L, Ozisik R, Schadler LS (2010) The influence of carbon nanotube aspect ratio on the foam morphology of MWNT/PMMA nanocomposite foams. Polymer 51(11):2368–2375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zeng C, Hossieny N, Zhang C, Wang B (2013) Morphology and tensile properties of PMMA carbon nanotubes nanocomposites and nanocomposites foams. Compos Sci Technol 82(15):29–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Abderrazak H, Hmida ESBH (2011) Silicon carbide: synthesis and properties. In: Properties and applications of silicon carbide ceramics. Springer, p 375Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhang L, Yilmaz ED, Schjødt-Thomsen J, Rauhe JC, Pyrz R (2011) MWNT reinforced polyurethane foam: processing, characterization and modelling of mechanical properties. Compos Sci Technol 71(6):877–884CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Laboratory for Insulation and Energy Efficiency MaterialsNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Suzhou Superlong Aviation Heat Resistance Material Technology Co., LtdSuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Inorganic Function CompositesNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations