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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 10, pp 4382–4394 | Cite as

Rapid coating of asphalt to prepare carbon-encapsulated composites of nano-silicon and graphite for lithium battery anodes

  • Wenping Liu
  • Huarui XuEmail author
  • Haiqing Qin
  • Yanlu Lv
  • Guisheng Zhu
  • Xiaoxu Lei
  • Feng Lin
  • Zhenjun Zhang
  • Lihui Wang
Energy materials
  • 179 Downloads

Abstract

In order to obtain large-scale industrial silicon/carbon composites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, graphite-loaded nano-silicon (G@Si) composite was synthesized by a facile spray drying method, and then asphalt powders were fast fused on the surface and carbonized at 1100 °C for 2 h to obtain core–shell G@Si@C composite. The nano-Si particle was pinned on the graphite surface without bareness via asphalt carbon layer. The G@Si@C composite delivers excellent electrochemical performance with an initial reversible charge capacity of 502.5 mAh g−1 and coulombic efficiency of 87.5%, and the capacity retention is 83.4% after 400 cycles. The superior cycle performance is attributed to the carbon layer relieving volume change, stabilizing SEI film and inhibiting particle pulverization. Moreover, the outstanding high-rate discharge properties of G@Si@C composite may be owing to the preferable electrochemistry kinetics such as fast charge transfer and lithium-ion diffusion.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Guangxi Innovation-Driven Development Project (AA17204022, AA18118001), the Science and Technology Plan of China Nonferrous Group (2016KJJH03) and the Scientific and Technological Plan of Guilin City (201607010322).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information MaterialsGuilin University of Electronic TechnologyGuilinChina
  2. 2.Guilin Key Laboratory of Microelectronic Electrode Materials and Biological Nanomaterials and National Special Mineral Materials Engineering Technology Research Center and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Superhard MaterialsChina Monferrous Metal (Guilin) Geology and Mining Co., LtdGuilinChina
  3. 3.College of Materials Science and EngineeringGuilin University of TechnologyGuilinChina

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