Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 11, pp 4633–4645 | Cite as

Hybrid excitation mechanism of upconversion fluorescence in hollow La2Ti2O7: Tm3+/Yb3+ submicron fibers

  • Run Zhou
  • Peijian Lin
  • Edwin Yue Bun Pun
  • Hai Lin
  • Jinliang Yuan
  • Xin ZhaoEmail author
Chemical routes to materials
  • 83 Downloads

Abstract

High-crystalline, hollow-mesh-like Tm3+/Yb3+-co-doped La2Ti2O7 (LTO) submicron fibers are prepared by electrospinning technique and identified as monoclinic structure. The LTO matrix fibers and the Tm3+/Yb3+-co-doped fibers exhibit different frequency upconversion luminescence. The fluorescence of the matrix at the 487 and 542 nm is ascribed to the two-photon absorption and the cross-relaxation processes caused by the defect center at 977 nm excitation, respectively. The upconversion luminescence intensity enhances when the rare-earth ions are incorporated into LTO fibers. The emissions of Tm3+ in co-doped LTO membranes at 479 and 789 nm under the excitation of 977 nm indicate the effectiveness of the three- and two-photon absorption processes, respectively. The pristine LTO fibers have the potential to be employed for water purification as a laser-excited photocatalytic material because the LTO materials are conducive to absorbing the highly penetrating NIR laser. Furthermore, the Tm3+/Yb3+ ions play a positive role in further promoting the laser-absorption capacity, and the hybrid excitation mechanism in the Tm3+/Yb3+-co-doped LTO composite fibers provides a new perspective for the development of anti-laser inorganic materials.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Support Program for the Scientific Research Funding Project from the Educational Department of Liaoning Province, China (Grant No. J2019021) and the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Grant No. CityU 11219819).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared no competing financial interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Wang R, Xu D, Liu J, Li K, Wang H (2011) Preparation and photocatalytic properties of CdS/La2Ti2O7 nanocomposites under visible light. Chem Eng J 168:455–460Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Park S, Lang M, Tracy CL, Zhang JM, Zhang FX, Trautmann C, Ewing RC et al (2015) Response of Gd2Ti2O7 and La2Ti2O7 to swift-heavy ion irradiation and annealing. Acta Mater 93:1–11Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang QL, Kang SZ, Chen H, Bu WB, Mu J (2011) La2Ti2O7: an efficient and stable photocatalyst for the photoreduction of Cr(VI) ions in water. Desalination 266:149–153Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu P, Nisar J, Sa BS, Pathak B, Ahuja R (2013) Anion-anion mediated coupling in layered perovskite La2Ti2O7 for visible light photocatalysis. J Phys Chem C 117:13845–13852Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang H, Li GG, Zhu YL, Liu SQ, Li K, Liang YJ (2019) Color tuning and white light emission in a single-phased La2Ti2O7: Pr3+, Tb3+ phosphor. J Alloy Compd 798:800–809Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li KW, Wang Y, Wang H, Zhu MK, Yan H (2006) Hydrothermal synthesis and photocatalytic properties of layered La2Ti2O7 nanosheets. Nanotechnology 17:4863–4867Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fuierer PA, Newnham RE (1991) La2Ti2O7 ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 74:2876–2881Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yu L, Paven CL, Nguyen HV, Benzerga R, Gendre LL, Rioual S et al (2013) Reactive sputtering deposition of perovskite oxide and oxynitride lanthanum titanium films: structural and dielectric characterization. Cryst Growth Des 13:4852–4858Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ao YH, Wang KD, Wang PF, Wang C, Hou J (2016) Synthesis of novel 2D–2D p-n heterojunction BiOBr/La2Ti2O7 composite photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic performance under both UV and visible light irradiation. Appl Catal B-Environ 194:157–168Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meng F, Cushing SK, Li JT, Hao SM, Wu NQ (2015) Enhancement of solar hydrogen generation by synergistic interaction of La2Ti2O7 photocatalyst with plasmonic gold nanoparticles and reduced graphene oxide nanosheets. ACS Catal 5:1949–1955Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ma ZJ, Wu KC, Sa RJ, Li QH, He C, Yi ZG (2015) Mechanism of enhanced photocatalytic activities on N-doped La2Ti2O7: an insight from density-functional calculations. Int J Hydrogen Energy 40:980–989Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hu SJ, Jia LC, Chi B, Pu J, Jian L (2014) Visible light driven (Fe, Cr)-codoped La2Ti2O7 photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production. J Power Sources 266:304–312Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wu CH, Zhang YZ, Li S, Zheng HJ, Wang H, Liu JB, Li KW, Yan H (2011) Synthesis and photocatalytic properties of the graphene-La2Ti2O7 nanocomposites. Chem Eng J 178:468–474Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Diallo PT, Boutinaud P, Mahiou R (2002) Anti-Stokes luminescence and site selectivity in La2Ti2O7: Pr3+. J Alloy Compd 341:139–143Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sun Z, Zhang QH, Li YG, Wang HZ (2010) Thermal stable La2Ti2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for blue-chip white LEDs with high color rendering index. J Alloy Compd 506:338–342Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xu AW, Gao Y, Liu HQ (2002) The preparation, characterization, and their photocatalytic activities of rare-earth-doped TiO2 nanoparticles. J Catal 207:151–157Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mohapatra M, Naik YP, Natarajan V, Seshagiri TK, Singh Z, Godbole SV (2010) Rare earth doped lithium titanate (Li2TiO3) for potential phosphor applications. J Lumin 130:2402–2406Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Algarni H, Al-Assiri MS, Reben M, Kityk IV, Burtan-Gwizdala B, Hegazy HH, Lisiecki R (2018) Erbium-doped fluorotellurite titanate glasses for near infrared broadband amplifiers. Opt Mater 83:257–262Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mahata MK, Kumar K, Rai VK (2014) Structural and optical properties of Er3+/Yb3+ doped barium titanate phosphor prepared by co-precipitation method. Spectrochim Acta A 124:285–291Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jenouvrier P, Boccardi G, Fick J, Jurdyc AM, Langlet M (2005) Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped Y2Ti2O7 sol–gel thin films. J Lumin 113:291–300Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li XS, Cai HT, Ding LH, Dou XW, Zhang WF (2012) Synthesis and luminescence properties of La2Ti2O7: Er3+ nanocrystals with pyrochlore structure. J Alloy Compd 541:36–40Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Huang F, Gao Y, Zhou JC, Xu J, Wang YS (2015) Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped CaMoO4: a promising green upconversion phosphor for optical temperature sensing. J Alloy Compd 639:325–329Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Do Nascimento JPC, Sales AJM, Sousa DG, Da Silva MAS, Moreira SGC, Pavani K, Sombra ASB (2016) Temperature-, power-, and concentration-dependent two and three photon upconversion in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped lanthanum ortho-niobate phosphors. RSC Adv 6:68160–68169Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang F, Zhang CL, Peng HY, Cong HP, Qian HS (2016) Near-infrared photocatalytic upconversion nanoparticles/TiO2 nanofibers assembled in large scale by electrospinning. Part Part Syst Char 33:248–253Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hou ZY, Li XJ, Li CX, Dai YL, Ma PA, Zhang X, Lin J et al (2013) Electrospun upconversion composite fibers as dual drugs delivery system with individual release properties. Langmuir 29:9473–9482Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wei W, Jiao JQ, Liu Y, Liu LH, Lv B, Li ZH, Gai SS, Tang JG (2019) Effect of the Fe3+ concentration on the upconversion luminescence in NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+ nanorods prepared by a hydrothermal method. J Mater Sci 54:13200–13207.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03818-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wei T, Ye L, Zhao CZ, Wang WB, Ma QZ, Lv Q, Liu JM (2015) Engineering the A-and B-sites for upconversion luminescence in Ho-and Yb-codoped filled tetragonal tungsten bronze oxides. J Mater Sci 50:2480–2490.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8805-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chen Z, Wang WR, Kang SL, Cui WT, Dong GP, Jiang C, Qiu JR et al (2018) Tailorable upconversion white light emission from Pr3+ single-doped glass ceramics via simultaneous dual-lasers excitation. Adv Opt Mater 6(1700787):1–9Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li D, Dong XT, Yu WS, Wang JX, Liu GX (2013) Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of YF3:Yb3+/Er3+ hollow nanofibers derived from Y2O3: Yb3+/Er3+ hollow nanofibers. J Nanopart Res 15(1704):1–10Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Do Carmo FF, Do Nascimento JP, Façanha MX, Sales TO, Santos WQ, Gouveia-Neto AS, Sombra AS (2018) White light upconversion emission and color tunability in Er3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ tri-doped YNbO4 phosphor. J Lumin 204:676–684Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhuang YX, Lv Y, Wang L, Chen WW, Zhou TL, Takeda T, Hirosaki N, Xie RJ (2018) Trap depth engineering of SrSi2O2N2: Ln2+, Ln3+ (Ln2+= Yb, Eu; Ln3+= Dy, Ho, Er) persistent luminescence materials for information storage applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10:1854–1864Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Xie SW, Gong G, Song Y, Tan HH, Zhang CF, Li N, Xu JX, Zheng J (2019) Design of novel lanthanide-doped core-shell nanocrystals with dual up-conversion and down-conversion luminescence for anti-counterfeiting printing. Dalton T 48:6971–6983.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c9dt01298b CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zhang KK, Zhao Q, Qin SR, Fu Y, Liu RZ, Zhi JF, Shan CX (2019) Nanodiamonds conjugated upconversion nanoparticles for bio-imaging and drug delivery. J Colloid Interface Sci 537:316–324Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tao LL, Yan L, Lou YJ, Li YH, Zhao Y, Zhou B, Li JB (2018) Bright white-light upconversion from core–shell nanocrystals through interfacial energy transfer. Dyes Pigments 154:87–91Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wang JT, Chen H, Jiang ZK, Yin JD, He TC, Yan PG, Ruan SC et al (2018) Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride. Opt Lett 43:1998–2001Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Li GG, Hou ZY, Peng C, Wang WX, Cheng ZY, Li CX, Lian HZ, Lin J (2010) Electrospinning derived one-dimensional LaOCl: Ln3+ (Ln = Eu/Sm, Tb, Tm) nanofibers, nanotubes and microbelts with multicolor-tunable emission properties. Adv Funct Mater 20:3446–3456Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Rodríguez-Mendoza UR, Lahoz F (2016) NIR upconversion emission of Tm3+ doped glass ceramics for solar cells applications. J Lumin 179:40–43Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ding BB, Peng HY, Qian HS, Zheng L, Yu SH (2016) Unique upconversion core-shell nanoparticles with tunable fluorescence synthesized by a sequential growth process. Adv Mater Interfaces 3(1500649):1–6Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bao Y, Luu QAN, Zhao Y, Fong H, May PS, Jiang CY (2012) Upconversion polymeric nanofibers containing lanthanide-doped nanoparticles via electrospinning. Nanoscale 4:7369–7375Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lisiecki R, Głowacki M, Berkowski M, Ryba-Romanowski W (2019) Contribution of energy transfer processes to excitation and relaxation of Yb3+ ions in Gd3(Al, Ga)5O12: RE3+, Yb3+ (RE3+= Tm3+, Er3+, Ho3+, Pr3+). J Lumin 211:54–61Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Abd-Rahman MK, Razaki NI (2018) Effect of nanofiber/thin-film multilayers on the optical properties of thulium-doped silica-alumina. J Lumin 196:442–448Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Liu SB, Liu SF, Ming H, Du F, Peng JQ, You WX, Ye XY (2018) Tunable multicolor and bright white upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ tri-doped SrLu2O4 phosphors. J Mater Sci 53:14469–14484.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-2632-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yang GX, Lv RC, Gai SL, Dai YL, He F, Yang PP (2014) Multifunctional SiO2@Gd2O3: Yb/Tm hollow capsules: controllable synthesis and drug release properties. Inorg Chem 53:10917–10927Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Xu L, Dong B, Wang Y, Bai X, Chen JS, Liu Q, Song HW (2010) Porous In2O3:RE (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) nanotubes: electrospinning preparation and room gas-sensing properties. J Phys Chem C 114:9089–9095Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Xuang HY (2016) Synthesis, multicolour tuning, and emission enhancement of ultrasmall LaF3:Yb3+/Ln3+ (Ln = Er, Tm, and Ho) upconversion nanoparticles. J Mater Sci 51:3490–3499.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-9667-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yang RY, Song WY, Liu SS, Qin WP (2012) Electrospinning preparation and upconversion luminescence of yttrium fluoride nanofibers. CrystEngComm 14:7895–7897Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ding MY, Lu CH, Cao LH, Song JB, Ni YR, Xu ZZ (2013) Facile synthesis of β-NaYF4:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Tb, Yb/Er, Yb/Tm) microcrystals with down- and up-conversion luminescence. J Mater Sci 48:4989–4998.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7285-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Sui GZ, Chen BJ, Zhang JS, Li XP, Xu S, Xia HP et al (2018) Examination of Judd-Ofelt calculation and temperature self-reading for Tm3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ doped LiYF4 single crystals. J Lumin 198:77–83Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Cheng H, Lu Z, Liu Y, Yang H, Gu Y, Li W, Tang Y (2011) Sol-gel synthesis and photoluminescence characterization of La2Ti2O7: Eu3+ nanocrystals. Rare Met 30:602–606Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Zhang SL, Yan Z, Li YF, Chen ZF, Zeng HB (2015) Atomically thin arsenene and antimonene: semimetal-semiconductor and indirect-direct band-gap transitions. Angew Chem Int Edit 54:3112–3115Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Chen GY, Somesfalean G, Liu Y, Sun Q, Wang FP, Zhang ZG (2007) Upconversion mechanism for two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals. Phys Rev B 75(195204):1–6Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    De Haart LGJ, Blasse G (1986) The observation of exciton emission from rutile single crystals. J Solid State Chem 61:135–136Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Zhang WF, Yin Z, Zhang MS, Du ZL, Chen WC (1999) Roles of defects and grain sizes in photoluminescence of nanocrystalline SrTiO3. J Phys Condens Matter 11:5655–5660Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Yao WF, Wang H, Xu XH, Zhou JT, Yang XN, Zhang Y, Shang SX (2004) Photocatalytic property of bismuth titanate Bi2Ti2O7. Appl Catal A-Gen 259:29–33Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Yin JB, Zhao XP (2009) Facile synthesis and the sensitized luminescence of europium ions-doped titanate nanowires. Mater Chem Phys 114:561–568Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Li YQ, Wang YH, Xu XH, Yu G, Wang N (2011) Electronic structures and Pr3+ photoluminescence characteristics in fresnoite, Sr-frenoite, and Ge-frenoite. J Am Ceram Soc 94:496–500Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Tse K, Liu D, Xiong K, Robertson J (2007) Oxygen vacancies in high-k oxides. Microelectron Eng 84:2028–2031Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Atuchin VV, Gavrilova TA, Grivel JC, Kesler VG (2008) Electronic structure of layered ferroelectric high-k titanate La2Ti2O7. J Phys D Appl Phys 42(035305):1–6Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Eagleman Y, Weber M, Derenzo S (2013) Luminescence study of oxygen vacancies in lanthanum hafnium oxide, La2Hf2O7. J Lumin 137:93–97Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wang W, Lu CH, Ni YR, Song JB, Su MX, Xu ZZ (2012) Enhanced visible-light photoactivity of 001 facets dominated TiO2 nanosheets with even distributed bulk oxygen vacancy and Ti3+. Catal Commun 22:19–23Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Díaz-Guerra C, Umek P, Gloter A, Piqueras J (2010) Synthesis and cathodoluminescence of undoped and Cr3+-doped sodium titanate nanotubes and nanoribbons. J Phys Chem C 114:8192–8198Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Joseph LK, Dayas KR, Damodar S, Krishnan B, Krishnankutty K, Nampoori VPN, Radhakrishnan P (2008) Photoluminescence studies on rare earth titanates prepared by self-propagating high temperature synthesis method. Spectrochim Acta A 71:1281–1285Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Chu MH, Jiang DP, Zhao CJ, Li B (2010) Long-lasting phosphorescence properties of pyrochlore La2Ti2O7: Pr3+ phosphor. Chin Phys Lett 27(047203):1–4Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Qin WP, Zhang DS, Zhao D, Wang LL, Zheng KZ (2010) Near-infrared photocatalysis based on YF3: Yb3+, Tm3+/TiO2 core/shell nanoparticles. Chem Commun 46:2304–2306Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Tang YN, Di WH, Zhai XS, Yang RY, Qin WP (2013) NIR-responsive photocatalytic activity and mechanism of NaYF4: Yb, Tm@ TiO2 core–shell nanoparticles. Acs Catal 3:405–412Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Wang H, Yuan XZ, Wang H, Chen XH, Wu ZB, Jiang LB, Xiong WP, Zeng GM (2016) Facile synthesis of Sb2S3/ultrathin g-C3N4 sheets heterostructures embedded with g-C3N4 quantum dots with enhanced NIR-light photocatalytic performance. Appl Catal B-Environ 193:36–46Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information Science and EngineeringDalian Polytechnic UniversityDalianPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Faculty of Maritime and TransportationNingbo UniversityNingboPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Electronic Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Terahertz and Millimeter WavesCity University of Hong KongKowloonPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations