Enhanced performance of NiO–3YSZ planar anode-supported SOFC with an anode functional layer
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In this study, the planar anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells with straight opening pores were prepared by phase inversion method and the laser ablation technique. The microstructure, thermal expansion behavior, porosity and bending strength of anodes with 3 mol% Y2O3 doped ZrO2 (3YSZ) and 8 mol% Y2O3 doped ZrO2 (8YSZ) were investigated. The bending strength of 144 MPa for NiO–3YSZ planar anode was achieved, which was two times higher than that of NiO–8YSZ substrate. To improve the electrochemical performance of NiO–3YSZ planar anode, an anode functional layer of NiO–8YSZ was introduced between NiO–3YSZ anode and electrolyte layer by spin-coating method. The maximum power density of single cell with NiO–3YSZ anode was improved from 365 to 598 mW cm−2 at 800 °C.
This work was financially supported by the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21978133 and 21506100).
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