Advertisement

Enhanced performance of NiO–3YSZ planar anode-supported SOFC with an anode functional layer

  • Sainan Chen
  • Dongguang Gu
  • Yifeng Zheng
  • Han Chen
  • Lucun GuoEmail author
Ceramics
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the planar anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells with straight opening pores were prepared by phase inversion method and the laser ablation technique. The microstructure, thermal expansion behavior, porosity and bending strength of anodes with 3 mol% Y2O3 doped ZrO2 (3YSZ) and 8 mol% Y2O3 doped ZrO2 (8YSZ) were investigated. The bending strength of 144 MPa for NiO–3YSZ planar anode was achieved, which was two times higher than that of NiO–8YSZ substrate. To improve the electrochemical performance of NiO–3YSZ planar anode, an anode functional layer of NiO–8YSZ was introduced between NiO–3YSZ anode and electrolyte layer by spin-coating method. The maximum power density of single cell with NiO–3YSZ anode was improved from 365 to 598 mW cm−2 at 800 °C.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21978133 and 21506100).

References

  1. 1.
    Li T, Wu Z, Li K (2015) High-efficiency, nickel-ceramic composite anode current collector for micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells. J Power Sources 280:446–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shri Prakash B, Senthil Kumar S, Aruna ST (2014) Properties and development of Ni/YSZ as an anode material in solid oxide fuel cell: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 36:149–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sun H, Chen Y, Yan R, Wei T, Zhang Y, Zhang Q, Bu Y, Liu M (2016) Anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells based on Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 electrolyte fabricated by a phase-inversion and drop-coating process. Int J Hydrogen Energy 41:10907–10913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sun W, Zhang N, Mao Y, Sun K (2012) Preparation of dual-pore anode supported Sc2O3-stabilized-ZrO2 electrolyte planar solid oxide fuel cell by phase-inversion and dip-coating. J Power Sources 218:352–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peng S, Zhou D, Wei Y, Li Z, Wang H (2012) A novel U-shaped anode-supported hollow fiber solid oxide fuel cell with considerable thermal cycling performance and stability. J Membr Sci 417–418:80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Minh NQ (2004) Solid oxide fuel cell technology—features and applications. Solid State Ion 174:271–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xiao J, Cai W, Liu J, Liu M (2014) A novel low-pressure injection molding technique for fabricating anode supported solid oxide fuel cells. Int J Hydrogen Energy 39:5105–5112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhao L, Zhang X, He B, Liu B, Xia C (2011) Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells with graded anodes fabricated with a phase inversion method. J Power Sources 196:962–967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Horri BA, Selomulya C, Wang H (2012) Electrochemical characteristics and performance of anode-supported SOFCs fabricated using carbon microspheres as a pore-former. Int J Hydrogen Energy 37:19045–19054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xue Y, Guan W, He C, Wang J, Liu W, Sun S, Wang Z, Wang W (2016) Fabrication of porous anode-support for planar solid oxide fuel cell using fish oil as a pore former. Int J Hydrogen Energy 41:8533–8541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luo T, Shi J, Wang S, Zhan Z (2014) Optimization of the Solid oxide fuel cell anode by tape casting. J Inorg Mater 29:203–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu T, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Fang S, Lei L, Ren C, Chen F (2015) Steam electrolysis in a solid oxide electrolysis cell fabricated by the phase-inversion tape casting method. Electrochem Commun 61:106–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meng X, Yang N, Meng B, Tan X, Yin Y, Ma Z-F, Sunarso J (2012) Microstructure tailoring of the nickel-yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni–YSZ) cermet hollow fibres. Ceram Int 38:6327–6334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jin C, Yang C, Chen F (2010) Effects on microstructure of NiO–YSZ anode support fabricated by phase-inversion method. J Membr Sci 363:250–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yuan R-H, He W, Zhang Y, Gao J-F, Chen C-S (2016) Preparation and characterization of supported planar Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92–La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.5Fe0.5O3−δ composite membrane. J Membr Sci 499:335–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Othman MH, Droushiotis N, Wu Z, Kelsall G, Li K (2011) High-performance, anode-supported, microtubular SOFC prepared from single-step-fabricated, dual-layer hollow fibers. Adv Mater 23:2480–2483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Huang H, Lin J, Wang Y, Wang S, Xia C, Chen C (2015) Facile one-step forming of NiO and yttrium-stabilized zirconia composite anodes with straight open pores for planar solid oxide fuel cell using phase-inversion tape casting method. J Power Sources 274:1114–1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang Z, Liu H, Tan X, Jin Y, Liu S (2009) Improvement of the oxygen permeation through perovskite hollow fibre membranes by surface acid-modification. J Membr Sci 345:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shao X, Dong D, Parkinson G, Li C-Z (2014) Microstructure control of oxygen permeation membranes with templated microchannels. J Mater Chem A 2:410–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gu D, Shi N, Yu F, Zheng Y, Chen H, Guo L (2018) Asymmetric anode substrate fabricated by phase inversion process and its interface modification for solid oxide fuel cells. J Alloys Compd 742:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Laurencin J, Delette G, Lefebvre-Joud F, Dupeux M (2008) A numerical tool to estimate SOFC mechanical degradation: case of the planar cell configuration. J Eur Ceram Soc 28:1857–1869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Malzbender J, Steinbmh RW, Singheher L (2005) Failure probability of solid oxide fuel cells. Ceram Eng Sci Proc 26:293–298Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nakajo A, Kuebler J, Faes A, Vogt UF, Schindler HJ, Chiang L-K, Modena S, Herle J, Hocker T (2012) Compilation of mechanical properties for the structural analysis of solid oxide fuel cell stacks. Constitutive materials of anode-supported cells. Ceram Int 38:3907–3927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Frandsen HL, Ramos T, Faes A, Pihlatie M, Brodersen K (2012) Optimization of the strength of SOFC anode supports. J Eur Ceram Soc 32:1041–1052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Alston T, Kendall K, Palin M, Prica M, Windibank P (1998) A 1000-cell SOFC reactor for domestic cogeneration. J Power Sources 71:271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Boccaccinia DN, Frandsena HL, Soprania S, Canniob M, Klemensøa T, Gila V, Hendriksen PV (2018) Influence of porosity on mechanical properties of tetragonal stabilized zirconia. J Eur Ceram Soc 38:1720–1735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhen S, Sun W, Tang G, Rooney D, Sun K, Ma X (2016) Fabrication and evaluation of NiO/Y2O3-stabilized-ZrO2 hollow fibers for anode-supported micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells. Ceram Int 42:8559–8564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hedayat N, Panthi D, Du Y (2017) Fabrication of anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cells by sequential dip-coating and reduced sintering steps. Electrochim Acta 258:694–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ai N, Lü Z, Chen K, Huang X, Liu Y, Wang R, Su W (2006) Preparation of Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 membranes on porous substrates by a slurry spin coating method and its application in IT-SOFC. J Membr Sci 286:255–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wang J, Lü Z, Huang X, Chen K, Ai N, Hu J, Su W (2007) YSZ films fabricated by a spin smoothing technique and its application in solid oxide fuel cell. J Power Sources 163:957–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sato K, Okamoto G, Naito M, Abe H (2009) NiO/YSZ nanocomposite particles synthesized via co-precipitation method for electrochemically active Ni/YSZ anode. J Power Sources 193:185–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang B, Lai Z (2012) Finger-like voids induced by viscous fingering during phase inversion of Alumina/PES/NMP Suspensions. J Membr Sci 405:275–283Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tyn MT, Calus WF (1975) Diffusion coefficients in dilute binary liquid mixtures. J Chem Eng Data 20:106–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Aguadero A, Alonso JA, Escudero MJ, Daza L (2008) Evaluation of the La2Ni1−xCuxO4+δ system as SOFC cathode material with 8YSZ and LSGM as electrolytes. Solid State Ion 179:393–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Menzler NH, Malzbender J, Schoderböck P, Kauert R, Buchkremer HP (2014) Sequential tape casting of anode supported solid oxide fuel cells. Fuel Cells 14:96–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kagomiya I, Kaneko S, Yagi Y, Kakimoto K, Park K, Cho K-H (2017) Dependence of power density on anode functional layer thickness in anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells. Ionics 23:427–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yamaguchi T, Sumi H, Hamamoto K, Suzuki T, Fujishiro Y, Carter JD, Barnett SA (2014) Effect of nanostructured anode functional layer thickness on the solid-oxide fuel cell performance in the intermediate temperature. Int J Hydrogen Energy 39:19731–19736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Shi N, Yu S, Chen S, Chen H, Guo L (2017) Dense thin YSZ electrolyte films prepared by a vacuum slurry deposition technique for SOFCs. Ceram Int 43:182–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Leng YJ, Chan SH, Khor KA, Jiang SP (2004) Performance evaluation of anode supported solid oxide fuel cells with thin film YSZ electrolyte. Int J Hydrogen Energy 29:1025–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Blum L, de Haart LGJ, Malzbender J, Margaritis N, Menzler NH (2016) Anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell achieves 70000 hours of continuous operation. Energy Technol 4:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations