Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 140–150 | Cite as

Bio-adenine-bridged molecular design approach toward non-covalent functionalized graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation

  • Yao Liu
  • Renke Li
  • Bo Liang
  • Chengfeng Li
  • Jiang-huai Hu
  • Ke ZengEmail author
  • Gang YangEmail author
Chemical routes to materials


Here, the supramolecular interaction between nucleobase adenine and graphene was strengthened by a novel chemical molecular designing strategy. Based on this approach, the adenine-bridged aromatic phthalonitrile (AAPN) was prepared as stabilizer toward liquid-phase exfoliation for non-covalent functionalized graphene (AAPN-G). A series of experiments were carried out to verify the strong supramolecular interaction between AAPN and graphene. The feasibility of multifunctional application of the AAPN was briefly demonstrated. This work constitutes a feasible strategy in the preparation and functionalization of graphene that could be extended to some other (bio)molecules toward realization of designing multifunctional materials.



We thank the Analytical & Testing Center, Sichuan University, P. R. China, for the molecular simulation (Materials Studio 8.0) support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts to declare.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3931_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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