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Nanoscale/microscale porous graphene-like sheets derived from different tissues and components of cane stalk for high-performance supercapacitors

  • Meimei Wang
  • Kuihua HanEmail author
  • Jianhui Qi
  • Jinxiao Li
  • Zhaocai Teng
  • Ming Li
Electronic materials
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

Different biomass components have different effects on the microstructures and physicochemical properties of biocarbons. And the properties of biocarbons still need to be further improved. Nanoscale/microscale graphene-like sheets are synthesized with KOH as micropore-forming agent, \(\hbox{Fe}(\hbox{NO}_{3})_{3}\cdot \hbox{9}\,\hbox{H}_{2}\hbox{O}\) as mesopore-forming agent and graphite catalyst. It is systematically researched to get the effects of biomass components on them. Cane sugar can form flat graphene-like nanosheets with high conductivity. Their performance drops sharply at \(100\,\hbox{A g}^{-1}\), indicating that biocarbons need a support of carbon skeleton to operate normally at high current density. Bagasse pith contains amount of cellulose and hemicellulose, which are good for forming pores. Bagasse pith-derived graphene-like sheets possess large specific surface area (\(2923.58\,\hbox{m}^{2}\,\hbox{g}^{-1}\)), high specific capacitance (\(514.14\,\hbox{F g}^{-1}\) at \(0.3\,\hbox{A g}^{-1}\) and \(372.57\,\hbox{F g}^{-1}\) at \(100\,\hbox{A g}^{-1}\)) and high energy density. Due to homogeneous coated doping with graphene-like nanosheets, sugarcane pith-derived graphene-like sheets possess low impedance (\(\text{R}_{\mathrm{s}}=0.02\,\Omega \)), high rate capability (maintained 82.34% from 0.3 to \(100\,\hbox{A g}^{-1}\)) and high cycling stability (maintained 101.51% after 5000 cycles), which is better than lots of graphene doping. Sugarcane skin contains more lignin which has hexagonal carbon rings. The graphitization extent of sugarcane skin-derived graphene-like sheets is significantly high. The results provide references to select carbon precursors, and show a novel graphene-like doping method which is suitable for different materials and various fields.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong, China (ZR2017MEE010) and the Fundamental Research Funds of Shandong University (2016JC005).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors listed have declared that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3910_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (docx 4407 KB)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy and Power EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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