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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 23, pp 14343–14353 | Cite as

Carbonaceous photonic crystals prepared by high-temperature/hydrothermal carbonization as high-performance microwave absorbers

  • Yan Zhang
  • Bochong WangEmail author
  • Anmin Nie
  • Congpu Mu
  • Jianyong Xiang
  • Fusheng WenEmail author
  • Zhongyuan Liu
Chemical routes to materials
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

Carbonaceous photonic crystals (CPCs) were prepared from peacock feather fibers (PFF) via high-temperature carbonization (HTC) and hydrothermal carbonization (HC), and by comparing the optical reflection microphotographs, the CPCs-HTC and CPCs-HC still owned the structural coloration as the natural PFF. Raman results showed that the ID/IG value of CPCs-HTC was higher than the one of CPCs-HC, demonstrating more defects and higher graphitization degree of CPCs-HTC. Due to the presence of defects and the different degrees of graphitization, complex permittivity of CPCs can be controlled. The microwave absorption performance of 30 wt% CPCs-HTC was better than the CPCs-HC. The minimum reflection loss (RL) of CPCs-HTC was − 57.9 dB when the frequency was 7.3 GHz and the thickness was 2.5 mm. The frequency range, in which the RL values were less than − 10 dB, was 6.4–8.5 GHz. Compared with other biomass-derived materials, the CPCs-HTC shows several advantages, such as the specific photonic structure, simple preparation process and excellent microwave absorption performances. Thus, CPCs-HTC has the potential to be a lightweight microwave absorption material.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51571172, 51801175, 51732010), Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (Nos. E2018203380, E2019203233), Program Foundation for Returned Scholars of Hebei Province (No. C201828).

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3909_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1136 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology and Key Laboratory for Microstructural Material Physics of Hebei ProvinceYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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