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Recent advances in electrochemical nonenzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensors based on nanomaterials: a review

  • Keerthy DharaEmail author
  • Debiprosad Roy Mahapatra
Review
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

The development of efficient electrochemical hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensors has received great attention due to the significance of H2O2 in biological systems and its practical applications in various fields. With the new class of H2O2 sensors, the nonenzymatic detection of the target can provide many attractive characteristics, such as simple fabrication, ultrahigh sensitivity, and excellent stability. Considering the rapid expansion of nonenzymatic H2O2 detection using advanced nanomaterials, an overview of the current state of methods for electrochemical nonenzymatic H2O2 sensors is presented (with 399 refs.). The first part of the review covers the sensors based on the use of nanoparticles consisting of metals, metal oxides/sulfides, and bimetallic nanoparticles/alloys. The next major section discusses sensors that make use of carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, graphene oxide, carbon dots, and of other carbonaceous materials. Advantages and the intrinsic drawbacks of employing various nanomaterials to detect H2O2 are emphasized.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Keerthy Dhara expresses her sincere thanks to the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India for the financial assistance under the SERB-NPDF scheme (Sanction No: PDF/2016/002383).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Integrative Multiscale Engineering Materials and Systems, Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of SciencesBangaloreIndia

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