Synthesis of cyclic carbonate by CO2 fixation to epoxides using interpenetrated MOF-5/n-Bu4NBr

  • Hyunuk KimEmail author
  • Hyun-Sik Moon
  • Muhammad Sohail
  • Yang-No Yoon
  • Syed Fawad Ali Shah
  • Kanghoon Yim
  • Jong-Ho Moon
  • Young Cheol ParkEmail author
Chemical routes to materials


Phase-pure interpenetrated MOF-5 ([Zn4(O)(BDC)3]) was synthesized by pH* control in a reaction medium, and its stability in the presence of epoxides was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction analysis. Interpenetrated MOF-5/tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (int-MOF-5/n-Bu4NBr) showed a high catalytic activity toward CO2 fixation to epoxide to synthesize cyclic carbonates. The conversions of propylene oxide (PO) and styrene oxide (SO) by int-MOF-5/n-Bu4NBr were almost two times higher than those by MOF-5/n-Bu4NBr under the same conditions. From a kinetics point of view, the coupling reaction rate of PO and CO2 was much higher than that of SO and CO2, which may be due to steric effects. The optimized geometries by the density functional theory calculation revealed that Lewis acidic Zn(II) sites of tetranuclear {Zn4O} clusters can work as the catalytic center to bind epoxides to open the rings by a nucleophilic attack. This co-catalyst system may be useful for the synthesis of cyclic carbonate by CO2 fixation.



This work was conducted under the framework of the Research and Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) (B9-2441) and was also supported by the Center for Advanced Meta-Materials (CAMM) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) as a Global Frontier Program (NRF-2019M3A6B3030636).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Advanced Energy and System TechnologyUniversity of Science and Technology (UST)DaejeonRepublic of Korea

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