Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 17, pp 11713–11725 | Cite as

Redispersibility of cellulose nanoparticles modified by phenyltrimethoxysilane and its application in stabilizing Pickering emulsions

  • Xinfang Zhang
  • Ziqiang ShaoEmail author
  • Yi Zhou
  • Jie Wei
  • Weidong He
  • Shuo Wang
  • Xiaofu Dai
  • Jiaying Ren
Polymers & biopolymers
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

Because of irreversible agglomeration in the dehydrating process, the wet storage and transport of cellulose nanofibres (CNF) are the serious issues that need to be resolved in the commercialization and application of CNF. In this study, silanized cellulose nanofibres (Si-CNF) were prepared by modifying CNF with phenyltrimethoxysilane (PTS). Moreover, a mixture of redispersed Si-CNF and mineral oil was treated by combining ultrasound and high-pressure homogenizer to prepare Pickering emulsions. Different ratios of CNF/PTS were prepared and redispersed, and their morphological characteristics, thermal performance, rheological properties, zeta potential, and size distribution were analysed to evaluate the changes occurring during modification. The results show that the obtained Si-CNF demonstrates excellent redispersibility in water. The viscosity of the redispersed product exhibits the best suspension stability with the particle distribution uniform at the nanoscale when the addition amount of PTS is 0.18 mmol/g. Rheological and dynamic light scattering results have shown that the Pickering emulsion maintains the best dispersion stability at a concentration of 0.02% and remains stable after 7 days of storage. PTS modified the hydrophobicity of the CNF and provided alternative routes for application of CNF and Pickering emulsions.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3691_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 4626 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Abidi N, Hequet E, Cabrales L (2008) Evaluating cell wall structure and composition of developing cotton fibers using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. J Appl Polym Sci 107:476–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Amin MCIM, Abadi AG, Katas H (2014) Purification, characterization and comparative studies of spray-dried bacterial cellulose microparticles. Carbohydr Polym 99:180–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carpenter AW, De Lannoy CF, Wiesner MR (2015) Cellulose nanomaterials in water treatment technologies. Environ Sci Technol 49:5277–5287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Velasquez-Cock J, Gomez H, Posada P (2017) Poly(vinyl alcohol) as a capping agent in oven dried cellulose nanofibrils. Carbohydr Polym 179:118–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Siqueira G, Bras J, Dufresne A (2009) Cellulose whiskers versus microfibrils: influence of the nature of the nanoparticle and its surface functionalization on the thermal and mechanical properties of nanocomposites. Biomacromol 10:425–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Habibi Y, Lucia LA, Rojas OJ (2010) Cellulose nanocrystals: chemistry, self-assembly, and applications. Chem Rev 110:3479–3500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Klemm D, Kramer F, Moritz S (2011) Nanocelluloses: a new family of nature-based materials. Angew Chem Int Ed 50:5438–5466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Paäkkö M, Ankerfors M, Kosonen H (2007) Enzymatic hydrolysis combined with mechanical shearing and high-pressure homogenization for nanoscale cellulose fibrils and strong gels. Biomacromol 8:1934–1941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abitbol T, Rivkin A, Cao YF (2016) Nanocellulose, a tiny fiber with huge applications. Curr Opin Biotechnol 39:76–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eyholzer C, Bordeanu N, Lopez-Suevos F (2010) Preparation and characterization of water-redispersible nanofibrillated cellulose in powder form. Cellulose 17:19–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Missoum K, Bras J, Belgacem MN (2012) Water redispersible dried nanofibrillated cellulose by adding sodium chloride. Biomacromol 13:4118–4125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Robles E, Urruzola I, Labidi J (2015) Surface-modified nano-cellulose as reinforcement in poly(lactic acid) to conform new composites. Ind Crop Prod 71:44–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Oksman K, Aitomäki Y, Mathew AP (2016) Review of the recent developments in cellulose nanocomposite processing. Compos Part A Appl Sci Manuf 83:2–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Butchosa N, Zhou Q (2014) Water redispersible cellulose nanofibrils adsorbed with carboxymethyl cellulose. Cellulose 21:4349–4358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hu Z, Ballinger S, Pelton R, Cranston ED (2015) Surfactant-enhanced cellulose nanocrystal Pickering emulsions. J Colloid Interface Sci 439:139–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jia C, Chen LH, Shao ZQ (2017) Using a fully recyclable dicarboxylic acid for producing dispersible and thermally stable cellulose nanomaterials from different cellulosic sources. Cellulose 24:2483–2498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Frone AN, Berlioz S, Chailan JF (2013) Morphology and thermal properties of PLA—cellulose nanofibers composites. Carbohydr Polym 91:377–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Beaumont M, Bacher M, Opietnik M (2018) A general aqueous silanization protocol to introduce vinyl, mercapto or azido functionalities onto cellulose fibers and nanocelluloses. Molecules 6:1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hettegger H, Beaumont M, Potthast A (2016) Aqueous modification of nano- and microfibrillar cellulose with a click synthon. Chem Sus Chem 9:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xu SH, Gu J, Luo YF (2012) Effects of partial replacement of silica with surface modified nanocrystalline cellulose on properties of natural rubber nanocomposites. Express Polym Lett 6:14–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fujisaki Y, Koga H, Nakajima Y (2014) Transparent nanopaper-based flexible organic thin-film transistor array. Adv Funct Mater 12:1657–1663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Huang P, Zhao Y, Kuga S (2016) A versatile method for producing functionalized cellulose nanofibers and their application. Nanoscale 8:3753–3759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pickering SU, Spencer U (1907) CXCVI.—emulsions. J Chem Soc T 91:2001–2021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Guang JW, Ma H (2016) Recent studies of Pickering emulsions: particles make the difference. Small 12:4633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mikulcová V, Bordes R, Kašpárková V (2016) On the preparation and antibacterial activity of emulsions stabilized with nanocellulose particles. Food Hydrocoll 61:780–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paximada P, Tsouko E, Kopsahelis N (2016) Bacterial cellulose as stabilizer of o/w emulsions. Food Hydrocoll 53:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Winuprasith T, Suphantharika M (2013) Microfibrillated cellulose from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) rind: preparation, characterization, and evaluation as an emulsion stabilizer. Food Hydrocoll 32:383–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Capron I, Cathala B (2013) Surfactant-free high internal phase emulsions stabilized by cellulose nanocrystals. Biomacromol 14:291–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Okada M, Maeda H, Fujii S, Furuzono T (2012) Formation of Pickering emulsions stabilized via interaction between nanoparticles dispersed in aqueous phase and polymer end groups dissolved in oil phase. Langmuir 28:9405–9412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jia C, Chen LH, Shao ZQ (2017) Using a fully recyclable dicarboxylic acid for producing dispersible and thermally stable cellulose nanomaterials from different cellulosic sources. Cellulose 6:2483–2498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Niu FG, Li MY, Huang Q (2017) The characteristic and dispersion stability of nanocellulose produced by mixed acid hydrolysis and ultrasonic assistance. Carbohydr Polym 165:197–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cunha AG, Mougel JB, Cathala B (2014) Preparation of double Pickering emulsions stabilized by chemically tailored nanocelluloses. Langmuir 30:9327–9335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tonoli GHD, Teixeira EM, Corrêa AC (2012) Cellulose micro/nanofibres from Eucalyptus kraft pulp: preparation and properties. Carbohydr Polym 89:80–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Carrillo CA, Nypelö TE, Rojas OJ (2015) Cellulose nanofibrils for one-step stabilization of multiple emulsions (W/O/W) based on soybean oil. J Colloid Interface Sci 445:166–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    McClements DJ (2015) Food emulsions: principles, practices, and techniques, 2nd edn. CRC Press, FloridaCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Engineering Research Centre of Cellulose and Its Derivatives, School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemical EngineeringNanjing University of Science and TechnologyNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations