Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 13, pp 9797–9808 | Cite as

Analysis of {10–12} twinning variants’ selection behavior during multi-directional compression in Mg–3Al–1Zn magnesium alloy

  • Bingshu WangEmail author
  • Jingjing Shi
  • Peng Ye
  • Liping DengEmail author
  • Ning Guo
  • Chen Wang
  • Junfeng Chen
  • Qiang Li
Metals
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

The {10–12} twinning activities of Mg–3Al–1Zn magnesium alloy during multi-directional compression were investigated by in situ EBSD technology. The specimen was pre-compressed to a strain of 3.2% along TD, followed by a compression with a strain of 2.6% along RD, and finally a compression with a strain of 2.5% along TD. The Schmid factor, strain compatibility factor (m′) and twinning strain tensor (ε) were calculated to analyze the twinning variant selection. The results show that four types of twinning behaviors can be observed during multi-directional compression: (1) the growth of twin lamellas generated from previous compression; (2) the nucleation of new {10–12} twins in existing twins; (3) the nucleation of new {10–12} twins in initial grains; and (4) detwinning. Some grains show only one twinning behavior within a grain, while some grains exhibit two or more twinning behaviors within a single grain. The variant selection of {10–12} twins for twin pairs and twin chains in neighboring grains is dominated by high Schmid factor and high strain compatibility factor. Because of good accommodation between neighboring grains, the simultaneous detwinning and retwinning behaviors developed in twin pairs or twin chains during multi-directional compression.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 51301040, 51601039), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016M590591) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (Grants Nos. 2016J01215, 2017J01477).

References

  1. 1.
    Liu C, Chen H, He C, Zhang Y, Nie J-F (2016) Effects of Zn additions on the microstructure and hardness of Mg–9Al–6Sn alloy. Mater Charact 113:214–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hou D, Liu T, Luo L, Lu L, Chen H, Shi D (2017) Twinning behaviors of a rolled AZ31 magnesium alloy under multidirectional loading. Mater Charact 124:122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kelley EW, Hosford WF (1968) Plane-strain compression of magnesium and magnesium alloy crystals. Trans Metall Soc AIME 242:5–13Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khosravani A, Fullwood DT, Adams BL, Rampton TM, Miles MP, Mishra RK (2015) Nucleation and propagation of 10–12 twins in AZ31 magnesium alloy. Acta Mater 100:202–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Galindo-Nava EI (2015) Modelling twinning evolution during plastic deformation in hexagonal close-packed metals. Mater Des 83:327–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu X, Jonas J, Zhu B, Wang T, Li L (2016) Variant selection of primary extension twins in AZ31 magnesium deformed at 400 °C. Mater Sci Eng A 649:461–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lou C, Zhang X, Ren Y (2015) Non-Schmid-based 10–12 twinning behavior in polycrystalline magnesium alloy. Mater Charact 107:249–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chun Y, Davies C (2011) Negative lateral strain ratio induced by deformation twinning in magnesium alloy AZ31. Mater Sci Eng A 528:4941–4946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Huang H, Godfrey A, Zheng J, Liu W (2015) Influence of local strain on twinning behavior during compression of AZ31 magnesium alloy. Mater Sci Eng A 640:330–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Godet S, Jiang L, Luo A, Jonas J (2006) Use of Schmid factors to select extension twin variants in extruded magnesium alloy tubes. Scr Mater 55:1055–1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hong S-G, Park SH, Lee CS (2010) Role of 10–12 twinning characteristics in the deformation behavior of a polycrystalline magnesium alloy. Acta Mater 58:5873–5885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Park SH, Hong S-G, Lee CS (2010) Activation mode dependent 10–12 twinning characteristics in a polycrystalline magnesium alloy. Scr Mater 62:202–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang B, Deng L, Guo N, Xu Z, Li Q (2014) EBSD analysis of 10–12 twinning activity in Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy during compression. Mater Charact 98:180–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xin R, Liang Y, Ding C, Guo C, Wang B, Liu Q (2015) Geometrical compatibility factor analysis of paired extension twins in extruded Mg–3Al–1Zn alloys. Mater Des 86:656–663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xin R, Wang M, Huang X, Guo C, Liu Q (2014) Observation and Schmid factor analysis of multiple twins in a warm-rolled Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy. Mater Sci Eng A 596:41–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shi ZZ, Zhang Y, Wagner F et al (2015) On the selection of extension twin variants with low Schmid factors in a deformed Mg alloy. Acta Mater 83:17–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jonas JJ, Mu S, Al-Samman T, Gottstein G, Jiang L, Martin Ė (2011) The role of strain accommodation during the variant selection of primary twins in magnesium. Acta Mater 59:2046–2056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jain A, Duygulu O, Brown D, Tomé C, Agnew S (2008) Grain size effects on the tensile properties and deformation mechanisms of a magnesium alloy, AZ31B, sheet. Mater Sci Eng A 486:545–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barnett M, Keshavarz Z, Beer A, Ma X (2008) Non-Schmid behaviour during secondary twinning in a polycrystalline magnesium alloy. Acta Mater 56:5–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Song B, Xin R, Liang Y, Chen G, Liu Q (2014) Twinning characteristic and variant selection in compression of a pre-side-rolled Mg alloy sheet. Mater Sci Eng A 614:106–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu X, Zhu B, Huang G, Li L, Xie C, Tang C (2016) Initiation and strain compatibility of connected extension twins in AZ31 magnesium alloy at high temperature. Mater Charact 122:197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xin R, Guo C, Xu Z, Liu G, Huang X, Liu Q (2014) Characteristics of long 10–12 twin bands in sheet rolling of a magnesium alloy. Scr Mater 74:96–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shi ZZ (2017) Secondary twin variant selection in Mg alloy after a strain-path change. J Alloys Compd 696:510–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Guo C, Xin R, Ding C, Song B, Liu Q (2014) Understanding of variant selection and twin patterns in compressed Mg alloy sheets via combined analysis of Schmid factor and strain compatibility factor. Mater Sci Eng A 609:92–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shi ZZ, Liu XF (2017) Characteristics of cross grain boundary contraction twin pairs and bands in a deformed Mg alloy. J Alloys Compd 692:274–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Miura H, Yu G, Yang X (2011) Multi-directional forging of AZ61 Mg alloy under decreasing temperature conditions and improvement of its mechanical properties. Mater Sci Eng A 528:6981–6992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jiang MG, Yan H, Chen RS (2015) Twinning, recrystallization and texture development during multi-directional impact forging in an AZ61 Mg alloy. J Alloys Compd 650:399–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wang B, Xin R, Huang G, Liu Q (2012) Effect of crystal orientation on the mechanical properties and strain hardening behavior of magnesium alloy AZ31 during uniaxial compression. Mater Sci Eng A 534:588–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Park SH, Hong SG, Chong SL (2013) In-plane anisotropic deformation behavior of rolled Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy by initial 10–12 twins. Mater Sci Eng A 570:149–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tong LB, Zhang JB, Zhang QX et al (2016) Effect of warm rolling on the microstructure, texture and mechanical properties of extruded Mg–Zn–Ca–Ce/La alloy. Mater Charact 115:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bertin N, Tome CN, Beyerlein IJ, Barnett MR, Capolungo L (2014) On the strength of dislocation interactions and their effect on latent hardening in pure magnesium. Int J Plast 62:72–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Proust G, Tomé CN, Jain A, Agnew SR (2009) Modeling the effect of twinning and detwinning during strain-path changes of magnesium alloy AZ31 I. Int J Plast 25:861–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chapuis A, Wang B, Liu Q (2014) A comparative study between uniaxial compression and plane strain compression of Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy using experiments and simulations. Mater Sci Eng A 597:349–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chapuis A, Xin Y, Zhou X, Liu Q (2014) 10–12 Twin variants selection mechanisms during twinning, re-twinning and detwinning. Mater Sci Eng A 612:431–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Park SH, Lee JH, Huh Y-H, Hong S-G (2013) Enhancing the effect of texture control using 10–12 twins by retarding detwinning activity in rolled Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy. Scr Mater 69:797–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jäger A, Ostapovets A, Molnár P, Lejček P (2011) 10–12} to {10–12 Double twinning in magnesium. Philos Mag Lett 91:537–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Shi D, Liu T, Wang T, Hou D, Zhao S, Hussain S (2017) 10–12 Twins across twin boundaries traced by in situ. EBSD J Alloys Compd 690:699–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kumar MA, Beyerlein IJ, McCabe RJ, Tome CN (2016) Grain neighbour effects on twin transmission in hexagonal close-packed materials. Nat Commun 7:1Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhang RY, Daymond MR, Holt RA (2008) A finite element model of deformation twinning in zirconium. Mater Sci Eng A 473:139–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringFuzhou UniversityFujianChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanical Engineering and AutomationFuzhou UniversityFujianChina
  3. 3.Faculty of Materials and EnergySouthwest UniversityChongqingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations