Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 13, pp 9442–9455 | Cite as

Mesoporous electronegative nanocomposites of SBA-15 with CaO–CeO2 for polycarbonate depolymerization

  • Yuchen Yang
  • Chengyang WangEmail author
  • Fusheng Liu
  • Xinixn Sun
  • Guohui QinEmail author
  • Yuting Liu
  • Jun Gao
Chemical routes to materials


The depolymerization of polycarbonate (PC) into bisphenol A (BPA) is performed by defective xCaO/Ce-SBA-15 nanocomposite assisted by plasma treatment. For such composite catalyst, CaO and CeO2 particles are finely encapsulated into the tubular SBA-15 without leaching or aggregation occurring. Abundant oxygen vacancies are generated from the doping of Ca and Ce atoms into the lattice of SBA-15 composite via the plasma surface engineering, entrusting strong basic sites to such mesoporous composite. The interface interaction between Ca and Ce with defective dimensional support materials predominated to generate maximum basic sites is of critical importance in tailoring the BPA yield. CaO/Ce-SBA-15 with rich oxygen vacancies and rough surface creates rich basic sites to achieve the high efficiency of PC alcoholysis and durable repeated cycles. Meanwhile, the synergistic catalysis between CaO and CeO2 is achieved, while SBA-15 with smaller disordered pores and fine connectivity between adjacent large pore channels enables a good dispersity of such xCaO/Ce-SBA-15 composite and finely prevents the leaching of Ca and Ce particles. Additionally, the high-density defects from the substitution of Ce by Ca and Si atoms as well as the plasma treatment play active basic sites during PC adsorption and activation. Such graft also leads SBA-15 itself becoming a solid base. Hence, the superior of PC depolymerization and superior durability are obtained due to the composition synergistic effects and rich abundant basic sites. It is noted that the abundant Ca on ceria surface provides affluent electrons, which makes decreased Ce valence in CeO2 subsurface and elevation of basic sites. This work explores the generation of tunable basic sites for SBA-15 and is instructive for fabricating desirable multicomponent catalysts composed of bifunctional non-novel catalyst for heterogeneous catalysis with rich surface oxygen vacancies.



This research was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21805152, 51673106,), the Postdoctoral Natural Science Foundation of China (2018M640616), the Science and Technology Research Project of Shandong Province (No. ZR2018BB03).

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3560_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1503 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of MOE, School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory Base for Eco-Chemical Engineering, College of Chemical EngineeringQingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin)TianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.College of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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