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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 6073–6087 | Cite as

Phase development of silicon oxycarbide nanocomposites during flash pyrolysis

  • Lixia Wang
  • Kathy LuEmail author
Ceramics
  • 99 Downloads

Abstract

This work is focused on phase development of silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) nanocomposites during flash pyrolysis. Three important variables evaluated are applied electric field, current limit, and pyrolysis temperature. They significantly facilitate the microstructure evolution of SiOC and cause the formation of more ordered carbon and SiC phases at > 640 °C lower temperature than the typical pyrolysis process. With the increase in the applied electric field, pyrolysis temperature, and current density, the mass loss is higher, the SiC formation and carbon precipitation are more extensive, and the carbon phase is more ordered. The resulting SiOC samples are stable up to 742 °C in air. The fundamental cause is due to the drastically accelerated nucleation rate for both the C and SiC phases from the applied electrical field, through the mechanisms of Joule heating and electromigration. This work provides an accelerated route to synthesize high-temperature SiOC nanocomposites.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the financial support from National Science Foundation under grant number CMMI-1634325.

Supplementary material

10853_2019_3315_MOESM1_ESM.docx (129 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 129 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringBohai UniversityJinzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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