Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 4154–4167 | Cite as

Rapid microwave-irradiation synthesis of ZnCo2O4/ZnO nanocrystals/carbon nanotubes composite as anodes for high-performance lithium-ion battery

  • Ping Huang
  • Miao ZhangEmail author
  • Jinwei Kang
  • Huagui Feng
  • Qingmei Su
  • Gaohui DuEmail author
  • Yuan Yu
  • Bingshe Xu
Energy materials


ZnCo2O4/ZnO/carbon nanotubes (ZZCO/CNTs) nanocomposite is fabricated via a facile and rapid strategy of microwave-irradiation process followed by annealing. The nanocomposites are composed of ZnCo2O4/ZnO (ZZCO) nanocrystals (~ 5 nm) coated on the surfaces of carbon nanotubes, and the introduction of carbon nanotubes can greatly improve the conductivity and stability of the hybrid material and effectively prevent the aggregation of ZZCO nanoparticles. When considered as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, the as-synthesized ZZCO/CNTs nanocomposite exhibits a high-reversible specific capacity of around 1440 mAh g−1 at the current density of 100 mA g−1, excellent cycling stability up to 200 cycles at a high current density of 500 mA g−1 and superior rate performance.



The authors gratefully acknowledge financial supports from the National Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11574273 and 21203168) and the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (No. LY16B030003).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryZhejiang Normal UniversityJinhuaChina
  2. 2.Materials Institute of Atomic and Molecular ScienceShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina

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