Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 4366–4383 | Cite as

Characterization of hot deformation behavior and constitutive modeling of Al–Mg–Si–Mn–Cr alloy

  • Shuhui Liu
  • Qinglin PanEmail author
  • Hang Li
  • Zhiqi Huang
  • Kuo Li
  • Xin He
  • Xinyu Li


To characterize the hot deformation behavior of commonly used aluminum alloy, a homogeneous Al–Mg–Si–Mn–Cr alloy was analyzed by thermal simulation test at deformation temperature range of 653–803 K and strain rate range of 0.01–10 s−1. The flow stresses were predicted by modified Johnson–Cook model, modified Zerilli–Armstrong model and strain-compensated Arrhenius model. The results show that the three models are able to predict the flow behavior of the alloy. Strain-compensated Arrhenius model has the best simulation ability in predicting flow stresses, while the modified Johnson–Cook model has lower prediction accuracy and the modified Zerilli–Armstrong model has poorer predictive ability at low strain rates. Microstructure evolution shows that subgrain boundaries form at original grain boundaries at first, moving toward to the center of the deformed grains. The dislocation density decreases, while the number and the size of subgrains increase with the decreasing Zener–Hollomon (Z) parameter. Both dynamic recovery (DRV) and dynamic recrystallization take place in hot deformation process. DRV is considered to be the primary dynamic softening mechanism throughout the entire hot deformation range. Continuous dynamic recrystallization and discontinuous dynamic recrystallization operate concurrently at low strain rates and high temperatures. The relationship of subgrain size and predicted flow stress is presented. Moreover, activation volume is introduced to reveal the thermal activation mechanism during hot deformation.



This work was supported by the Science and Technology Major Project of Hunan Province [Grant No. 2016GK1004] and Guangdong Province [Grant No. 2016B090931001].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Light Alloy Research InstituteCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Suntown Technology Group Co., Ltd.ChangshaChina
  4. 4.Guangdong Fenglu Aluminum Industry Co., Ltd.FushanChina

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