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Cubic-like BaZrO3 nanocrystals with exposed {001}/{011} facets and tuned electronic band structure for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production

  • Jie Meng
  • Zhenyun Lan
  • Qingyun Lin
  • Tao Chen
  • Xing Chen
  • Xiao Wei
  • Yunhao Lu
  • Jixue Li
  • Ze Zhang
Ceramics

Abstract

Facet engineering to expose specific surfaces has received rapid growth attention to promote the photocatalytic performance. In this work, we reported that BaZrO3 nanocrystals with {001}/{011} facets and corresponding higher reducing capacity could effectively improve the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution in pure water. The tuned electronic band structure arising from exposed specific {001}/{011} facets and the higher surface area are the main reasons to promote photocatalytic activity. The conduction band bottom for BaZrO3 nanocrystals with {001}/{011} facets synthesized by solvothermal method (denoted as BZO-HT) is about 0.31 eV higher than that of sample prepared by hydrothermal reaction (denoted as BZO-H). During the evaluation of photocatalytic activity in pure water, the H2 production rate for BZO-HT (27.80 μmol/g/h) is 9.4 times and six times higher than BZO-H and commercial BaZrO3 (denoted as BZO-C), respectively. This work provides a reference for other facets-related photocatalysts’ design for pure water reduction or splitting.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11234011, 11327901, 51102208) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2014QNA4008, 2017QNA4011).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2995_MOESM1_ESM.docx (947 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 947 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Electron Microscopy, State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, and School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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