Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 2472–2482 | Cite as

Facile preparation of robust porous MoS2/C nanosheet networks as anode material for sodium ion batteries

  • Rui Zhang
  • Huiyong Li
  • Dan Sun
  • Jingyi Luan
  • Xiaobing Huang
  • Yougen Tang
  • Haiyan WangEmail author
Energy materials


Developing advanced MoS2 anode material for sodium ion battery is still a big challenge since it is hindered by poor cycling stability and rate capability owing to huge volume variation during charge/discharge processes and low conductivity. In this work, three-dimensional porous networks consisting of several-layered MoS2/C nanosheets are synthesized via a facile freeze-drying approach using NaCl as template. MoS2/C nanosheet networks demonstrate a high reversible capacity of 389 mAh g−1 and maintain 370 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g−1, indicating excellent cycling stability. Good rate properties are also achieved with reversible capacities of 292, 256, 223, 174 mAh g−1 at 1, 2, 4, 6 A g−1, respectively. The excellent electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the unique three-dimensional networks consisting of few-layered MoS2 nanosheets, which facilitates sodium ion diffusion via near-surface reaction. Moreover, the robust three-dimensional carbon matrix can not only provide a conductive network, but also buffer the strain and maintain the electrode integrity during repeated sodiation/desodiation process. This strategy presents a new path for fabricating low-cost and high-yield three-dimensional metal sulfide (phosphide)/carbon composites for applications in energy-related fields and beyond.



This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21571189 and 21771062), Science and Technology Major Project of Hunan Province, China (2017GK1040), Science and Technology Plan Project of Hunan Province, China (Nos. 2016TP1007 and 2017TP1001), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 2018JJ4002) and Innovation-Driven Project of Central South University (No. 2016CXS009).

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2991_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 4549 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical Power Sources, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Utilization of Manganese Resources, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of ScienceHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHunan University of Arts and ScienceChangdePeople’s Republic of China

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