Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 2446–2457 | Cite as

High-performance nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon derived from cauliflower for advanced supercapacitors

  • Bao Men
  • Pengkai Guo
  • Yanzhi SunEmail author
  • Yang Tang
  • Yongmei Chen
  • Junqing Pan
  • Pingyu WanEmail author
Energy materials


Nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon is successfully synthesized from cauliflower with unique structure by a simple pyrolysis process, including a pre-carbonization step of cauliflower and a KOH-activated step of carbonization product. According to this pyrolysis strategy, the pre-carbonization product at 450 °C basically keeps the original structure of cauliflower, beneficial to the deep and uniform activation at 700 °C and the formation of 3D interconnected network framework. The as-prepared sample (NPCC2-700) shows desirable specific surface area of 2604.7 m2 g−1, large pore volume, and abundant micropores and mesopores. Combined with the high content of active heteroatoms, NPCC2-700 exhibits high specific capacitance of 311 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and 250 F g−1 at 50 A g−1 in 6M KOH electrolyte. Meanwhile, the excellent rate performance and long-term cycling stability can be achieved for NPCC2-700. Furthermore, the energy density of the assembled symmetric supercapacitor based on NPCC2-700 electrodes is as high as 20.5 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 448.8 W kg−1 in 1 M Na2SO4 solution.



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21706004, 21676022 & 21506010). The authors thank Prof. Xiaoguang Liu for important discussions and modification of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2979_MOESM1_ESM.doc (5.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 5364 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Fundamental Research Laboratory of New Hazardous Chemicals Assessment and Accident Analysis, Institute of Applied ElectrochemistryBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.North Institute for Scientific and Technical InformationBeijingChina

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