Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 5992–6026 | Cite as

A review of the mechanical and thermal properties of graphene and its hybrid polymer nanocomposites for structural applications

  • Amit KumarEmail author
  • Kamal Sharma
  • Amit Rai Dixit


In the present review, the recent progress in describing the intricacies of mechanical and thermal properties of all types of graphene- and modified graphene-based polymer nanocomposites has been comprehensively examined. The effectiveness of microscopy bouquet for the intrinsic characterization of graphene family and their composites was clearly demonstrated in this research. Furthermore, the utility of the dynamic mechanical analysis and thermo-gravimetric analysis employed for thermal characterization that has been reported by various researchers was exhaustively analyzed in this paper. This research primarily focused on the analyses of several good articles concerned with hybrid graphene composites and the synergetic effect of graphene with other nanofiller to assess its effect on the mechanical properties of its corresponding composites. Such systematic analysis of previous literatures imparted a direction to the researchers about the solution of improved interfacial properties as well as the enhanced dispersion into the vicinity of the matrix. This current research has suggested that the presence of the graphene filler even at very low loadings has shown considerable improvement in the overall mechanical properties of graphene. Further studies to optimize the value of the filler need to be addressed in order to gain complete understanding of the properties of graphene. The potential applications, current challenges, and future perspectives pertaining to these nanocomposites were elaborately discussed in the current study with regard to the multi-scale capabilities and promising developments of the graphene-family-based nanocomposites materials.











Atomic force microscopy


Carbon fiber


Graphene oxide


Carbon nanotube


Poly(methyl methacrylate)


Epoxy resin


Glass fiber


Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A


Functionalized graphene nanosheet


Poly(vinyl alcohol)


Carbon fiber epoxy composites


Poly(vinylidene fluoride)




Ultimate tensile strength


Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer


Regenerated silk fibroin


High-density polyethylene


Poly(ether sulfone)


Non-covalent functionalized reduced graphene oxide


Functionalized graphene


Diethyl toluene diamine


Chemical vapor deposition


Poly(acrylic acid)


Cellulose acetate


Coefficient of thermal expansion


Transmission electron microscopy


Reduced graphene oxide


Multi-walled carbon nanotube




Differential scanning calorimetry


Scanning electron microscopy


Resin transfer molding


Waterborne polyurethane


Functionalized graphene oxide


Glass transition temperature


Graphene nanoplatelets


Functionalized graphene nanoplatelets


Dynamic mechanical analysis




Interlaminar shear strength


Interfacial shear strength




Exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets


Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)


Thermo-gravimetric analysis


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering and TechnologyGLA UniversityMathuraIndia

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