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Synergistic effects between Cu metal–organic framework (Cu-MOF) and carbon nanomaterials for the catalyzation of the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP)

  • Shuang Wang
  • Baoyun Ye
  • Chongwei An
  • Jingyu Wang
  • Qianbing Li
Energy materials
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, a novel Cu-MOF@Carbon nanomaterial composite was prepared to catalyze the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). The structure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectrum (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD); the specific surface area was estimated by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method; and the pore volumes and pore size distributions were derived from the adsorption branches of isotherms using the Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BJH) model. And the thermal decomposition behavior was investigated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA). The results indicated that all products showed excellent catalytic activity. Among the samples investigated here, Cu-MOF@CNT-rGO exhibited the best catalytic activity, since the high-temperature decomposition peak of AP decreased to 313.8 °C, which is reduced nearly 100 °C than the raw material (409.7 °C). And this was attributed to the high thermal and electrical conductivities of carbon nanomaterials, and the large surface area of both Cu-MOF and carbon nanomaterials. This study provides a new choice to be used as the promising catalysts in modifying the burning performance of AP-based composite propellant.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Advantage Disciplines Climbing Plan of Shanxi Province and Graduate Education Innovation Project in Shanxi Province (2017BY115).

Authors contribution

BY and SW conceived and designed the experiments; WS and QL performed the experiments; SW analyzed the data; CA and JW contributed the reagents/materials/analysis tools; and SW wrote the paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and Safety EngineeringNorth University of ChinaTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Shanxi Engineering Technology Research Center for Ultrafine PowderNorth University of ChinaTaiyuanChina

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