Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 22, pp 7214–7222 | Cite as

Nonspherical dented poly(methyl methacrylate)/poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) particles formed in seeded soap-free emulsion copolymerization

  • Shan ShiEmail author
  • Tao Wang
  • Lina Bian
  • Limin Zhou
  • Liqun Zhao
  • Shin-ichi KurodaEmail author
Article

Abstract

In this study, nonspherical poly(methyl methacrylate)/poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) [PMMA/P(St-co-DVB)] particles having multiple dents on the surface were prepared by seeded soap-free emulsion copolymerization of St and DVB (used as a crosslinker) on spherical linear PMMA seed particles. The effect of various polymerization parameters on particle morphology, as well as polymerization kinetics and morphological evolution, were investigated in detail. It was found that, to prepare this kind of nonspherical particles, it was necessary to conduct the polymerization at a relatively low temperature, using batch monomer addition mode and PMMA seed of relatively high molecular weight. The formation of the nonspherical particles was attributed to the phase separation between the second-stage monomers and the crosslinked P(St-co-DVB) network being formed during polymerization.

Keywords

PMMA Seed Particle Monomer Conversion Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy Image Polymerization Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.50943028), the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars of State Education Ministry, and the Scientific Research Foundation of Education Department of Liaoning Province (No.2008T155).

References

  1. 1.
    Yang M, Wang G, Ma HT (2011) Chem Comm 47:911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kim JW, Larsen RJ, Weitz DA (2007) Adv Mater 19:2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Park JG, Forster JD, Dufresne ER (2010) J Am Chem Soc 132:5960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shi S, Zhou LM, Wang T, Bian LN, Tang YT, Kuroda S (2011) J Appl Polym Sci 120:501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang HG, Liu QW, Yang QB, Li YC, Wang W, Sun L, Zhang CQ, Li YX (2010) J Mater Sci 45:1032. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-4035-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goodall AR, Wilkinson MC, Hearn J (1977) J Polym Sci Polym Chem Ed 15:2193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Durant YG, Sundberg EJ, Sundberg DC (1997) Macromolecules 30:1028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tang C, Zhang CL, Liu JG, Qu XZ, Li JL, Yang ZZ (2010) Macromolecules 43:5114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Park JG, Forster JD, Dufresne ER (2009) Langmuir 25:8903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shi S, Kuroda S, Kubota H (2003) Colloid Polym Sci 281:331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shi S, Wang T, Tang YT, Zhou LM, Kuroda S (2011) Chinese Chem Lett. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cclet.2011.04.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nagao D, Kats CM, Hayasaka K, Sugimoto M, Konno M, Imhof A, Blaaderen A (2010) Langmuir 26:5208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sheu HR, El-aasser MS, Vanderhoff JW (1990) J Polym Sci Polym Chem 28:629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kim JW, Larsen RJ, Weitz DA (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:14374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shin K, Lee S, Kim JJ, Suh KD (2010) Macromol Rapid Commun 31:1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shi S, Hayami H, Kuroda S, Kubota H (2006) Chem Lett 35:320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang ZF, Wang T, Bian LN, Zhou LM, Shi S, Kuroda S (2011) Chinese J Polym Sci. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10118-011-1062-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang T, Shi S, Akiyama Y, Zhou LM, Kuroda S (2010) J Mater Sci 45:4539. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4648-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cheng XJ, Zhao Q, Yang YK, Tjong SC, Li RKY (2010) J Mater Sci 45:777. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-4000-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Begum S, Jones IP, Jiao C, Lynch DE, Preece JA (2010) J Mater Sci 45:3697. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4479-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang T, Shi S, Yang F, Zhou LM, Kuroda S (2010) J Mater Sci 45:3392. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4449-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Stubb JM, Sundberg DC (2006) J Appl Polym Sci 102:945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shi S, Kuroda S, Tadaki S, Kubota H (2002) Polymer 43:7443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Karlsson OJ, Hassander H, Wesslén B (2000) J Appl Polym Sci 77:297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sperling LH (2001) Introduction to physical polymer science, 3rd edn. Wiley-interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Thomson B, Rudin A, Lajoie G (1996) J Appl Polym Sci 59:2009CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Applied Technology of Polymer MaterialsCollege of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Chemical TechnologyShenyangChina
  2. 2.Department of Production Science and TechnologyFaculty of Engineering, Gunma UniversityOtaJapan

Personalised recommendations