Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of mesoporous yttria-stabilized zirconia membranes with graded pore structure
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Mesoporous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) membranes can be used for liquid phase applications in harsh environments and as supports for ultra-thin dense ceramic, carbonate, or metallic membranes. This article reports on the synthesis and characterization of three-layer mesoporous ceramic membranes consisting of a mesoporous YSZ layer, a macroporous YSZ intermediate layer, and macroporous α-alumina support. The macroporous YSZ intermediate layer was coated on the alumina support using a suspension of submicron-sized YSZ powders, and the mesoporous YSZ layer was obtained by dip-coating with diluted zirconia sol doped with yttrium nitrate. The mesoporous YSZ layer has desired cubic phase structure. Crack-free mesoporous YSZ membranes could be obtained by multiple dip-coating, drying, and calcination using a dilute YSZ sol at a concentration of 0.014 M with the help of using a drying control chemical additive. The 5 times dip-coated mesoporous YSZ membranes were about 1 μm in thickness with an average pore diameter of 3 nm. The mesoporous YSZ membranes exhibited Knudsen separation factor. The characteristics of the dip-coating process for the mesoporous YSZ membranes on the macroporous YSZ support are similar to those on the macroporous alumina support.
KeywordsComposite Membrane Alumina Support Knudsen Flow Zirconia Membrane Helium Permeance
The authors would like to acknowledge the support of NSF (CBET-0828146) and the DOE (DE-FE000470) on this project.
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