Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 18, pp 5991–5999 | Cite as

Shock behaviour of a phenolic resin

  • David C. WoodEmail author
  • Paul J. Hazell
  • Gareth J. Appleby-Thomas
  • Nick R. Barnes


Phenolic resins are used in many aspects of everyday life, e.g. as the matrix material for carbon fibre laminates used in the aerospace industry. Consequently, detailed knowledge of this material, especially while under shock loading, is extremely useful for the design of components that could be subjected to impact during their lifespan. The shock Hugoniot equations of state for phenolic resin (Durite SC-1008), with initial density of 1.18 g cm−3 have been determined using the plate-impact technique with in situ manganin stress gauges. The Hugoniot equation in the shock velocity–particle velocity plane was found to be non-linear in nature with the following equation: US = 2.14 + 3.79up − 1.68u p 2 . Further, the Hugoniot in the pressure–volume plane was observed to largely follow the hydrostatic curve. Lateral gauge measurements were also obtained. An ANSYS AutodynTM 2D model was used to investigate the lateral stress behaviour of the SC-1008. A comparison of the Hugoniot elastic limit calculated from the shear strength and measured sound speeds gave reasonable agreement with a value of 0.66 ± 0.35 GPa obtained.


Lateral Stress Shock Velocity Manganin Flyer Plate Hugoniot Elastic Limit 



The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Institute of Shock Physics and AWE as well as Lockheed-Martin Insys for supplying the samples used for experimentation. We also wish to thank Mr. Andrew Roberts for technical help with the experiments. British Crown Copyright MOD/2011.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • David C. Wood
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul J. Hazell
    • 1
  • Gareth J. Appleby-Thomas
    • 1
  • Nick R. Barnes
    • 2
  1. 1.Cranfield University, Cranfield Defence and SecurityShrivenham, SwindonUK
  2. 2.AWEAldermaston, Reading, BerkshireUK

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