Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 17, pp 5690–5697 | Cite as

Effect of UHMWPE concentration on the extracting, drawing, and crystallizing properties of gel fibers

  • Mingming Xiao
  • Junrong YuEmail author
  • Jiajian Zhu
  • Lei Chen
  • Jing Zhu
  • Zuming Hu
Article

Abstract

In this study, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) gel fibers were made by gel-spinning with different concentration solutions of 8–16 wt%. The solvent separation and extracting dynamics of different gel fibers were studied. The thermal and crystallizing properties of different fibers were characterized with differential scanning calorimeter and wide-angle X-ray diffraction. The morphological structure of different gel fibers was observed using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The maximum drawing ratios (DRs) of different fibers and the tenacity of ultra-drawn fibers were measured and compared. The results showed that the phase separation of different concentration UHMWPE gel fibers were severe at the first hour and reached equilibrium state after about 48 h placing. The critical extraction time of different gel fibers and the optimum bath ratios of extraction agent to gel fibers were 2 min and 10 mL/g, respectively. The melting point and the crystallinity of extracted fibers were both higher than that of gel fibers, and the crystallinity of fibers increased with increasing of UHMWPE concentration. High concentration UHMWPE fiber has more dense morphological structure while compared with lower concentration ones. The maximum achieved DRs of gel fibers were higher than that of extracted fibers. The DR and tensile strength of extracted fibers decreased with increasing of UHMWPE concentration.

Keywords

Extraction Time UHMWPE Drawing Ratio UHMWPE Fiber Solvent Separation 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was financially supported by China National 863 Project (No. 2009AA034602), Key Laboratory of High Performance Fibers and Products (Donghua University, Ministry of Education).

References

  1. 1.
    Zwijnenburg A, Pennings AJ (1975) Colloid Polym Sci 253:452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paul S, Lemstra Piet J (1979) Makromol Chem Phys 180(12):2983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Paul S, Lemstra Piet J, Booij Henk C (1981) J Polym Sci B 19(5):877Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barham PJ, Keller A (1985) J Mater Sci 20:2281. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00556059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hoogsteen W, ten Brinke G, Pennings AJ (1987) Polymer 28(6):923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaji A, Otha Y, Yasuda H, Murano M (1990) Polym J 22(6):455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smith P, Boudet A, Chanzy H (1985) J Mater Sci Lett 4:13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00719883 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kalb B, Pennings AJ (1980) J Mater Sci 15:2584. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00550763 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bastiaansen CWM (1992) Polymer 33(8):1649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bastiaansen, Cees WM (1997) Mater Sci Technol 18:551Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maghsoud Z, Moaddel H (2007) Iran Polym J 16(6):363Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang Y, Xiao C, GuanXia J, ShuLin A (1999) J Appl Polym Sci 74:670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xin Z, Dong Z, Xin C (2009) Spinning process for high-strength and high-modulus ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene fibre. CN, CN101525769Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhao G, Xu J (2009) Beijing Fuzhuang Xueyuan Xuebao 29(2):7 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yin S., X. Qiao (2003) Method for preparing extra high molecular polyethylene high- concentrated solution for spinning, CN, CN1405367Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jian T, Shyu W, Lin Y, Chen K, Yeh J (2003) Polym Eng Sci 43(11):1765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yeh J, Lin S, Tu C, Hsie K, Chang F (2008) J Mater Sci 43:4892. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-008-2711-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yeh J, Lin Y, Jiang H (2004) J Appl Polym Sci 91:1559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tsubakihara S, Nakamura A, Yasuniwa M (1996) Polym J 28(6):489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kwon YK, Boller A, Pyda M, Wunderlich B (2000) Polymer 41:6237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chiu H, Wang J (1998) J Appl Polym Sci 70:1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingming Xiao
    • 1
  • Junrong Yu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jiajian Zhu
    • 1
  • Lei Chen
    • 1
  • Jing Zhu
    • 1
  • Zuming Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer MaterialsDonghua UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of High-performance Fibers & Products, Ministry of EducationDonghua UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations