Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 16, pp 5460–5465 | Cite as

Inhibition of surface bound carbonate stabilization of tetragonal zirconia

  • M. SkovgaardEmail author
  • K. Almdal
  • A. van Lelieveld


Water is known to initiate a tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation in zirconia particles. Carbonates on the zirconia surface react with water molecules and hence reduce the transformation rate. This study investigates the possibility of inhibition of the reaction between surface carbonates and water in order to increase the transformation rate in the zirconia crystals. It was found possible to limit the reaction by reacting the surface carbonates with alcohols, a thiol and a primary amide prior to reaction with water. It was also concluded that di- and trialcohols are able to stabilize the tetragonal phase, probably as a result of induced lattice strain.


Zirconia Tetragonal Zirconia Zirconia Particle Zirconia Sample Polymerization Shrinkage 



Financial support from DentoFit A/S is gratefully acknowledged. We thank Dr. Keld West for assistance with the autosorbtion studies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DentoFit A/SRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Micro- and NanotechnologyTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark

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