Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 533–545 | Cite as

Crystallographic evaluation of sodium zirconium phosphate as a host structure for immobilization of cesium

  • Rashmi Chourasia
  • Ashish Bohre
  • Ritu D. Ambastha
  • O. P. ShrivastavaEmail author
  • P. K. Wattal


Sodium zirconium phosphate (NZP) is a potential material for immobilization of nuclear effluents. The existence of cesium containing NZP structure was determined on the basis of crystal data of solid solution. It was found that up to ~9.0 wt% of cesium could be loaded into NZP formulations without significant changes of the three-dimensional framework structure. The crystal chemistry of Na1−xCsxZr2P3O12 (x = 0.1–0.4) has been investigated using General Structure Analysis System programming. The CsNZP phases crystallize in the space group R-3c and Z = 6. Powder diffraction data have been subjected to Rietveld refinement to arrive at a satisfactory structural convergence of R-factors. The unit cell volume and polyhedral (ZrO6 and PO4) distortion increase with rise in the mole% of Cs+ in the NZP matrix. The PO4 stretching and bending vibrations in the infrared region have been assigned. SEM, TEM, and EDAX analysis provide analytical evidence of cesium in the matrix.


Cesium Zirconium Phosphate Waste Form General Structure Analysis System Sodium Zirconium Phosphate 



The authors are grateful to the Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, Government of India, for funding research Project Number SR/S3/ME/20/2005-SERC-Engg in its SERC scheme. Thanks are due to sophisticated analytical instrument facility, IIT, Bombay, for TEM analysis and department of Metallurgical Engineering and Material Science IIT, Bombay, for XRD analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rashmi Chourasia
    • 1
  • Ashish Bohre
    • 1
  • Ritu D. Ambastha
    • 2
  • O. P. Shrivastava
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. K. Wattal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryDr H.S. Gour UniversitySagarIndia
  2. 2.Nuclear Recycle Group, Back End Technology Development DivisionB.A.R.CMumbaiIndia

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