Synthesis and characterization of gold–polypyrrole film composite
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Polypyrrole (PPy) coatings have potential applications in batteries, fuel cells, sensors, anti-corrosion coatings, and drug delivery systems. In this article, PPy film coating on the electrode of quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) was exposed to acidic aqueous HAuCl4 solution. The reduction for gold ions took place and gold particles were produced at the film surface. The gold content at the PPy film was monitored by using QCM. The concentration of gold uptake increases as the original concentration of HAuCl4 solution increases. The morphology of the film before and after the deposition of the gold particles was studied by the scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The gold particles are of undefined shape and have diameters around 200–600 nm. However, the image of the composite powder shows that gold particles of sizes 100–120 nm are distributed over the surface of the polymer particles with some aggregation. Infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to characterize the composite.
KeywordsPyrrole Gold Particle Polypyrrole Quartz Crystal Microbalance Metallic Gold
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