To improve both the temperature stability and the mechanical quality factor of (K0.5Na0.5)0.94Li0.06NbO3 (KNLN6) ceramics, dense (K4CuNb8O23, Bi2O3)-modified KNLN6 lead-free ceramics were prepared. Results showed that the (K4CuNb8O23, Bi2O3)-modified ceramics exhibited a flat, temperature-stable behavior over the range of 20–120 °C. K4CuNb8O23 (KCN) and Bi2O3-codoping changed the KNLN6 to “hard” ceramics with a significant improvement of mechanical quality factor, Qm, from 82 to 756. Meanwhile, the piezoelectric constant, d33, and the planar electromechanical coefficient, kp, still maintained relatively high levels (d33 ~118 pC/N, kp ~35.6%). These results indicate that the modified KNLN6 ceramics are promising lead-free piezoelectric candidates for practical applications.
Bi2O3 Piezoelectric Property Piezoelectric Constant Measured Temperature Range Polyvinyl Butyral
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This work is financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50602021).
Saito Y, Takao H, Tani T, Nonoyama T, Takatori K, Homma T, Nagaya T, Nakamura M (2004) Nature 432:84CrossRefGoogle Scholar