Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 19, pp 5080–5094 | Cite as

Review of magnetoelectric perovskite–spinel self-assembled nano-composite thin films

  • Li YanEmail author
  • Yaodong Yang
  • Zhiguang Wang
  • Zengping Xing
  • Jiefang Li
  • D. Viehland


Two-phase multiferroic nano-composite thin films have been a topic of research interests in the last few years. This is because of their expected magnetoelectric coupling, as well as potential applications. This review focuses on recent findings in self-assembled nano-structure composite thin films, and various efforts to realize and improve their magnetoelectricity. Topics include: (i) nano-pillar and maze structures, and their formation mechanisms, and a nano-belt structure oriented in-plane found by our research group; (ii) the ferroelectric properties of composite thin films, and how they can be enhanced by epitaxial engineering; (iii) a magnetic anisotropy that is induced by constraint stress, and by the nano-structures of the ferromagnetic phase; and (iv) a magnetoelectric coupling that was first observed via a change in magnetization near the Curie temperature of the ferroelectric phase, a magnetization switching assisted by electric field, and recently direct measurements using a magnetic cantilever method yielding values of 18 mV/cm Oe in BiFeO3–CoFe2O4.


BiFeO3 CoFe2O4 Morphotropic Phase Boundary Constraint Stress Composite Thin Film 



We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE.-AC02-98CH10886, the Office of the Air-Force Office of Scientific Research under FA 9550-06-1-0410, and the National Science Foundation under DMR-0757502.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Yan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yaodong Yang
    • 1
  • Zhiguang Wang
    • 1
  • Zengping Xing
    • 1
  • Jiefang Li
    • 1
  • D. Viehland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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