Microstructure and strengthening mechanisms of a cast Mg–1.48Gd–1.13Y–0.16Zr (at.%) alloy
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The microstructure and mechanical properties of a Mg–1.48Gd–1.13Y–0.16Zr (at.%) alloy in the as-cast, solution-treated, peak-aged and over-aged conditions have been investigated by a combination of thermodynamic calculations and experimental approaches. It is shown that both the Mg24(Gd,Y)5 and cuboid-shaped Mg5(Gd,Y) phases exist in the as-cast sample, which is in good agreement with the Scheil solidification model. The former is dissolved during solution treatment, while the latter persists and coarsens. Subsequent artificial ageing results in the formation of metastable β′ precipitates within the α-Mg matrix and along the grain boundaries. The peak-aged alloy exhibits maximum ultimate tensile strength and tensile yield strength of 370 and 277 MPa, respectively, at room temperature. Moreover, the strengths decrease gently from room temperature to 250 °C with a gradual increase of elongation. The strengthening contributions to the yield strength are quantitatively evaluated from individual strengthening mechanisms by using measured microstructural parameters. The modelled yield strengths are compared with the experimental results and a reasonable agreement is reached.
KeywordsSolid Solution Strengthen Precipitation Strengthen Tensile Yield Strength Rare Earth Element Boundary Strengthen
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) through project no. 2007CB613704. Assistance of Dr. W. Tang with TEM analysis is also gratefully acknowledged.
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