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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 24, pp 6498–6504 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of wormhole-like mesostructured polyaniline

  • Bianfang Shi
  • Jiawen Ren
  • Anmiao Wang
  • Xiaohui Liu
  • Yanqin Wang
Mesostructured Materials

Abstract

Wormhole-like mesostructured polyaniline (PANi) has been synthesized by using sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) as a structure directing agent and iron trichloride (FeCl3 · 6H2O) or ammonium persulfatee (APS, (NH4)2S2O8) as an oxidant in an acidic solution. The formation mechanism and structure of polyaniline was studied by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and FT-IR spectroscopy. It was indicated that aniline (AN)/SDBS would form lamellar structure in an acidic solution, then after introducing oxidant, the wormhole like mesostructures would be formed. The reaction conditions, such as oxidant, oxidant/AN molar ratio, HCl/AN molar ratio, and the reaction temperature had influence on the formation of mesostructures.

Keywords

Polyaniline Aniline Sodium Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonate Structure Directing Agent Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20673037), New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-05-415) and Commission of Science and Technology of Shanghai Municipality (08JC1407900).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bianfang Shi
    • 1
  • Jiawen Ren
    • 1
  • Anmiao Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Liu
    • 1
  • Yanqin Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Lab for Advanced Materials, Research Institute of Industrial CatalysisEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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