Characterization of commercial double-walled carbon nanotube material: composition, structure, and heat capacity
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A purified commercial double-walled carbon nanotube (DWCNT) sample was investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetry (TG), and Raman spectroscopy. Moreover, the heat capacity of the DWCNT sample was determined by temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry in the range of temperature between −50 and 290 °C. The main thermo-oxidation characterized by TG occurred at 474 °C with the loss of 90 wt% of the sample. Thermo-oxidation of the sample was also investigated by high-resolution TG, which indicated that a fraction rich in carbon nanotube represents more than 80 wt% of the material. Other carbonaceous fractions rich in amorphous coating and graphitic particles were identified by the deconvolution procedure applied to the derivative of TG curve. Complementary structural data were provided by TEM and Raman studies. The information obtained allows the optimization of composites based on this nanomaterial with reliable characteristics.
KeywordsHeat Capacity Transmission Electron Microscopy Image Outer Tube Radial Breathing Mode Amorphous Coating
G. G. Silva thanks the Brazilian agency CAPES for grant. This work was partially supported by Rede Nacional de Pesquisa em Nanotubos de Carbono/CNPq, Brazil. ERW gratefully acknowledges financial support from the United States Air Force’s Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development. Project ID: AOARD-06-4041.
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