Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1407–1411 | Cite as

Direct synthesis of carbon nanosheets by the solid-state pyrolysis of betaine

  • Athanasios B. BourlinosEmail author
  • Theodore A. Steriotis
  • Radek Zboril
  • Vasilios Georgakilas
  • Athanasios Stubos

Carbon sheets of a few nanometers thick (nanosheets) define a peculiar class of carbon materials with unique surface-to-volume ratio, smooth surface morphologies and thin edges, flexibility and elasticity, high thermal and chemical stability, and lightness [1, 2]. In this respect, carbon nanosheets are promising candidates for hydrogen storage materials, sensors, catalyst supports, fillers, templates, and substrates for further functionalization and single graphene production [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]. In early studies, the particular carbon nanomaterials have been synthesized via radio-frequency or microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD), expansion of graphite, chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide, a solvothermal route, or catalytic growth [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]. However, these preparative methods suffer (depending on the case) from the following drawbacks: (i) low yield or/and concurrent formation...


Betaine Graphite Oxide Individual Sheet Turbostratic Carbon Carbon Nanosheets 



This work was supported by the projects of the ministry of education of the Czech Republic (1M6198959201 and MSM6198959218). We also thank D. Jancik and M. Vujtek for their technical assistance in the microscopy studies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Athanasios B. Bourlinos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Theodore A. Steriotis
    • 2
  • Radek Zboril
    • 3
  • Vasilios Georgakilas
    • 1
  • Athanasios Stubos
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Materials ScienceNCSR “Demokritos”AthensGreece
  2. 2.Institute of Physical ChemistryNCSR “Demokritos”AthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Physical ChemistryPalacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, Environmental Research LaboratoryNCSR “Demokritos”AthensGreece

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