Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 1063–1068 | Cite as

Formation of feathery grains with the application of a static magnetic field during direct chill casting of Al-9.8wt%Zn alloy

  • Lei Li
  • Yudong Zhang
  • Claude Esling
  • Zhihao Zhao
  • Yubo Zuo
  • Haitao Zhang
  • Jianzhong Cui


Effect of a 0.2-T static magnetic field on the microstructure of a direct chill cast Al-9.8wt%Zn alloy slab was investigated. The static magnetic field transferred the microstructure from a mixture of equiaxed and columnar grains with the primary trunks growing in <100> directions to twinned lamellar feathery grains with the primary and secondary arms growing in <110> directions. The application of the static magnetic field results in the reduction of the heat discharge and solute mixing capacity through a damping effect on convection and thus a delay of the melt transformation to solid and a request to reduce the liquid/solid interface energy through reducing the interface area due to the loss of undercooling. The delay and the request account for the growth direction change and the formation of lamellas. The difference between the Al and Zn atomic radii and the related incoming flow facilitate the formation of the twins.


Pole Figure Static Magnetic Field Direct Chill Casting Hartman Number Wavy Boundary 



This study was financially supported by the Key Fundamental Program of China [(973), Grant No. 2005CB623707], the Cultivation Fund of 111 (Grant No. 704015), the national Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 50674030) and the CNRS-PICS (No. 4164). The first author also gratefully acknowledges the CHINA SCHOLARSHIP COUNCIL for the Chinese-French cotutelle Ph.D. Grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yudong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Claude Esling
    • 2
  • Zhihao Zhao
    • 1
  • Yubo Zuo
    • 1
  • Haitao Zhang
    • 1
  • Jianzhong Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, Ministry of EducationNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.LETAM, CNRS-UMR 7078University of MetzMetzFrance

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