The synthesis and characterisation of grafted random styrene butadiene for biomedical applications
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The work undertaken investigates the spectral, thermal and surface characteristics of a random styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) with monomeric graft(s) of acrylic acid (AA), N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NVP) or N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) synthesised using UV polymerisation. The grafted materials were characterised by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC), attenuated total reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectrometry (ATR-FTIR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Thermograph analysis has shown an endothermic transition occurring at ~75 °C for all random SB-g-NVP copolymers, whereas the Tg value for random SB copolymer was found at 60 °C, thus suggesting that a chemical reaction between styrene and NVP had occurred. Similar thermal profiles to that of random SB-g-NVP copolymers were evident when random SB was UV polymerised with AA. When NIPAAm was grafted onto random SB, a notable exothermic transition was evident in all samples tested using DSC. It was established using MDSC that this exothermic transition was caused by the breakdown of crosslinks as a result of UV polymerisation.
KeywordsDifferential Scanning Calorimetry Acrylic Acid Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene EGDMA Styrene Butadiene Rubber
This work has been funded by both the National Development Plan and Enterprise Ireland.