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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 129–135 | Cite as

Preparation of nanocrystalline Ni–Fe strip via mechanical alloying–compaction–sintering–hot rolling route

  • S. K. VajpaiEmail author
  • R. K. Dube
Article

Abstract

Nanocrystalline structures offer opportunity for the development of soft magnetic materials, such as 80 wt% Ni–20 wt% Fe, with superior properties. In recent years, nanocrystalline 80Ni–20Fe (wt%) alloy has been prepared by mechanical alloying of elemental powders. However, retention of nanocrystallinity during consolidation of powder is the key issue to take advantage of improved magnetic properties. In the present work, it has been shown that near-full density bulk nanocrystalline 80Ni–20Fe strip can be prepared via a route consisting of mechanical alloying, cold compaction, sintering, and multi-step unsheathed hot rolling. A crack-free strip of nanocrystalline 80Ni–20Fe, having 99% theoretical density and a grain size of approximately 55 nm, was successfully prepared by sintering and hot rolling of mechanically alloyed powder preforms at 1140 °C. The bulk nanocrystalline 80Ni–20Fe material resulted in a very narrow hysteresis loop indicating a very small hysteresis loss. The present study shows that mechanical alloying–sintering–hot rolling route can be a promising method for producing bulk nanocrystalline materials.

Keywords

Mechanical Alloy Milled Powder Green Compact Process Control Agent Bulk Nanocrystalline 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and Metallurgical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKanpurIndia

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