Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 306–315 | Cite as

Effects of atmospheric corrosion on fatigue properties of a medium carbon steel

  • M. OkayasuEmail author
  • K. Sato
  • K. Okada
  • S. Yoshifuji
  • M. Mizuno


The effects of atmospheric corrosion on fatigue properties were examined using a medium carbon steel, corroded in various atmospheres. Three different places, having various atmospheric conditions, were selected for the corrosion tests: (i) an industrial area, (ii) near the ocean, and (iii) beside a river in a hot spring region. A water and/or air electrochemical cell corroded the carbon steel to rust that had several forms, depending on the atmosphere. The form of the corrosion was distinguished visually and by spectroscopy. Strong oxidation occurred in all samples with the formation of rust. In addition, a more severe chemical reaction with chlorine was detected near the ocean although carbon was obtained in the industrial area. On the other hand, a high level of sulfur reacted with the sample near the river. Such chemical reactions gave rise to different corrosion mechanisms leading to different corrosion surfaces. A rough corrosion face with corrosion pits was obtained in two of the samples (industrial area and near the ocean), while a smooth surface was produced for the sample near the river. The change of the surface morphology clearly affected the fatigue strength, e.g., the rougher the sample surface, the lower the fatigue strength. On the basis of the corrosion system, details of the fracture and fatigue characteristics are discussed in the present work.


Fatigue Corrosion Product Fatigue Strength Auger Electron Spectrometry Medium Carbon Steel 



This research was conducted under a special education program in Akita Prefectural University “Self-research program” for the 1st and 2nd year undergraduate students. This research work was financially supported by the government of Japan and Akita prefecture. Special thanks are due to Mr. Hajime Kudo (Tamagawa Hot-spring), Mr. Tokuji Sato (A. P. University), Ms. Miyuki Shibata (A. P. University), Mr. Hideaki Okayasu, and Ms. Ritsuko Okayasu for their technical support.


  1. 1.
    Karpenko GV, Litvin AK, Tkachev VI, Soshko AI (1975) Mater Sci 9:367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moiseeva LS, Rashevskaya NS (2002) Russ J Appl Chem 75:1625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fukuzumi T, Komazaki S, Misawa T (2002) Iron Steel Inst Jpn 88:31Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brass AM, Chêne J (2006) Corros Sci 48:3222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McEvily AJ, Wei RP (1971) In: International corrosion conference series; NACE-2, 14–18 June 1971, p 381Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Magnin T, Chambreuil A, Chateau JP (1996) Int J Fract 79:147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Endo K, Komai K, Matsuda Y (1981) Bull Jpn Soc Mech Eng 24:1319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Komai K, Shikida T, Endo K (1985) Bull Jpn Soc Mech Eng 28:571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dawson DB, Pelloux RM (1974) Met Trans 5:723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    DuQuesnay DL, Underhill PR, Britt HJ (2003) Int J Fatigue 25:371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dmytrakh IM, Pluvinage G, Qilafku G (2001) Mater Sci 37:184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Medved JJ, Breton M, Irving PE (2004) Int J Fatigue 26:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tokaji K, Ogawa T, Hwang JU, Kobayashi Y, Harada Y (1996) J Therm Spray Technol 5:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Endo K, Komai K, Nkamuro N (1970) Bull Jpn Soc Mech Eng 13:837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chitty JA, Pertuz A, Hintermann H, Puchi ES (1999) J Mater Eng Perform 8:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Erven KA, Matlock DK, Krauss G (1991) J Heat Treat 9:27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gol’dshtein YE, Zaslavskii AY, Guseva ZF (1973) Met Sci Heat Treat 15:286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Blokhin VK, Narusova EY, Livanova OV, Filippov GA (2003) Met Sci Heat Treat 45:10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hanaki S, Goto H, Yamashita M, Uchida H (2006) J Soc Mater Sci, Jpn 55:1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Callister WD Jr (2007) Materials science and engineering, 7th edn. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, p 237Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Suresh S (2004) Fatigue of materials, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, New York, p 157Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schoch W, Spahn H (1971) In: International corrosion conference series; NACE-2, 14–18 June 1971, p 52Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shibata T (2006) J Soc Mater Sci Jpn 55:979CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Okayasu
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Sato
    • 1
  • K. Okada
    • 2
  • S. Yoshifuji
    • 1
  • M. Mizuno
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Machine Intelligence and Systems EngineeringAkita Prefectural UniversityYurihonjo-cityJapan
  2. 2.Akita Prefectural R&D CenterAkita-cityJapan

Personalised recommendations