Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 2218–2225 | Cite as

TEM and 3D atom probe characterization of DMS4 cast nickel-base superalloy

  • K. MuraleedharanEmail author
  • R. Balamuralikrishnan
  • N. Das
Festschrift in honour of Prof T R Anantharaman on the occasion of his 80th birthday


Cast nickel-base superalloys possess the required mechanical properties (creep resistance and stress rupture life) at elevated temperatures that make them suitable for turbine blades in aero-engines. The origin of these properties lies in the presence of a simple two phase γ–γ′ microstructure (with cuboidal γ′ particles dispersed in a γ matrix), in spite of the presence of several alloying elements. The cuboidal nature of the γ′ particles arises from an optimal misfit between the two phases, which is a function of the composition of γ and γ′ phases. In addition, several microstructural issues arising out of the partitioning of the alloying elements influences directly the deformation mechanisms in the γ and γ′, and therefore the mechanical properties of the alloy. In this article, we discuss how some of these microstructural issues have been investigated in DMS4, a cast single crystal superalloy, experimentally using TEM and 3DAP techniques.


Atom Probe Single Crystal Superalloy Dendritic Core Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction Stress Rupture Life 



Transmission electron microscopy


3-dimensional atom probe


Convergent beam electron diffraction


Higher order Laue zone



This research was funded by Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), India, under Project DMR-254, ‘Science and Design of Materials at Atomic Scale’. The permission of Director, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), Hyderabad, to publish the results is gratefully acknowledged. We acknowledge the contributions of Mr L. Srivardhan (for heat treatment) and Mr Mohan P. Pathak (for 3DAP experiments). The authors are grateful to Professor S. Ranganathan, Indian Institute of Science, and Dr. D. Banerjee, Chief Controller, DRDO for their keen interest and constant encouragement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Muraleedharan
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Balamuralikrishnan
    • 1
  • N. Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Metallurgical Research LaboratoryHyderabadIndia

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