Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 2192–2197 | Cite as

Correlation between microstructure and phosphorus segregation in a hypereutectoid Wootz steel

  • M. R. BarnettEmail author
  • R. Balasubramaniam
  • Vinod Kumar
  • Colin MacRae
Festschrift in honour of Prof T R Anantharaman on the occasion of his 80th birthday


The influence of bands rich in phosphorus on the microstructure of hypereutectoid Wootz steel implement is described. Electron probe micro-analysis is combined with optical microscopy. Phosphorus-rich bands are seen to correspond to regions of internal cracking, carbon depletion, and enhanced frequency of spheroidized cementite in place of pearlite. A rationale for the findings is presented in terms of the influence of phosphorus on the Fe–C phase diagram and on the rate of the eutectoid reaction.


Austenite Cementite Pearlite Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometry Phosphorus Segregation 



The authors acknowledge the kind contribution of Dr. S. Jaikishan, Reader in History, SNLSA Degree College, Dharmapuri, Karimnagar District, for providing the sample used in this study. The financial support extended to V.K. for his stay at Deakin University by Deakin University is appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Barnett
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Balasubramaniam
    • 2
  • Vinod Kumar
    • 2
  • Colin MacRae
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Material and Fibre InnovationDeakin UniversityGeelongAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Materials and Metallurgical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKanpurIndia
  3. 3.Microbeam Laboratory, CSIRO MineralsClaytonAustralia

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