Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 2327–2333 | Cite as

Corrosion behavior and passive film chemistry of 216L stainless steel in sulphuric acid

  • V. Shankar RaoEmail author
  • L. K. Singhal
Festschrift in honour of Prof T R Anantharaman on the occasion of his 80th birthday


Corrosion behavior and chemical structure of the passive film of a newly developed 200 series austenitic stainless steel (216L) were studied in sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and compared with 316L. From potentiodynamic polarization studies it was found that the corrosion behavior of 216L closely follows that of 316L. The breakdown of passivity was evaluated by addition of sodium chloride (NaCl). The immersion tests revealed that the corrosion rate of 216L in various concentrations of H2SO4 at ambient temperature is equivalent to 316L. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of the passive film formed on 216L revealed enrichment of Cr ions on the surface while Mo and N compounds were also present. Ni and Mn ions were conspicuous by their absence in the passive film.


Austenitic Stainless Steel Corrosion Behavior Passive Film Duplex Stainless Steel Crevice Corrosion 


  1. 1.
    Metal Bulletin, World Steel & Metal News. No. 8978, 15 January 2007, p 15Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    International Stainless Steel Forum (February 2008) E&S Bulletin. No 10 Shanghi, p 2Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Singhal LK (2005) Iron Steel Rev 4:68Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fourie JW, Bentley AP (1987) In: Proceedings of the conference on manganese containing stainless steels, Cincinnati, OH, October 1987, pp 10–15Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ahila S, Reynders B, Grabke HJ (1996) Corros Sci 38:1991. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Toor I-u-H, Park HJ, Kwon HS (2008) Corros Sci 50:404. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sedriks AJ (1996) Corrosion of stainless steels. Wiley Inter science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chivinski JA (February 1972) Metal progress, 55Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kearns JR (1985) In: Lula RA (ed) New development in stainless steel technology. ASM, Ohio, pp 117–128Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qiu JH (2002) Surf Interface Anal 33:830. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wagner CD, Riggs WM, Davis LE, Moulder JF, Muilenberg GE (1979) Handbook of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Perkin-Elmer Corporation, Physical Electronics, Minnesota, p 72Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Grimal JM, Marcus P (1992) Corros Sci 33:805. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stypula B, Stoch J (1994) Corros Sci 36:2159. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Beccaria AM, Castello G, Poggi G (1995) Br Corros J 30:283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Latha G, Rajendran N, Rajeswari S (1997) J Mater Eng Perform 6:743. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Loechel BP, Strehblow HH (1984) J Electrochem Soc 131:713. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tetsuya T, Yoshimasa I, Yoshimtsu O (1997) Mater Trans JIM 38:78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nefedov VI, Salyn YV, Leonhardt G, Scheibe R (1977) J Electron Spectrosc Relat Phenom 10:121. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sadough Vanini A, Audouard JP, Marcus P (1994) Corros Sci 36:1825. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kovac CA, Clabes JG, Goldberg MJ (1988) Vac Sci Technol A 6:991. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Borgmann D, Hums E, Hopfengartner G, Wedler G, Spitznagel GW, Rademacher I (1993) J Electron Spectrosc Relat Phenom 63:91. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Olefjord I, Brox B, Jelvestam U (1985) J Electrochem Sci Tech (Paris) 132:2854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Leygraf C, Hultquist G, Olefjord I, Elfstrom BO (1978) Corros Sci 19:343. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Werfel F, Brummer O (1983) Phys Scr 28:92. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dickinson T, Povey AF, Sherwood PMA (1976) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans I 72:686. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pashutski A, Folman M (1989) Surf Sci 216:395. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mustin C, De Donato PH, Benoit R, Erre R (1993) Appl Surf Sci 68:147Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jindal Stainless LtdHissarIndia

Personalised recommendations