Evaluation of additive effects and homogeneity of the starting mixture on the nuclei-growth processes of barium titanate via a solid state route
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In an attempt to obtain finest possible microparticles of BaTiO3 (BT) with highest possible tetragonality via a solid state route, starting mixtures comprising BaCO3 and TiO2 were subjected to various pretreatments including addition of glycine and mechanical activation. Reaction processes were monitored by the changes in the weight, crystallinity, and morphology in detail. While mechanical activation with glycine significantly increased the rate of reaction and homogeneity of the particle size of the product, BT, simultaneous particle growth of BT was intolerably acute for micro-electronic devices. The fast particle coarsening was predominated by the coalescence of BT tiny particles formed around titania. A mixture with higher homogeneity was attained by using finer starting materials under wet mixing, avoiding significant mechanical stressing. Particle growth of BT was suppressed to ca. 100 nm to obtain fully crystallized BT particles without significant loss of tetragonality and, hence, close to meet our requirements for MLCCs.
KeywordsTiO2 TiO2 Particle BaCO3 Narrow Particle Size Distribution Solid State Route
The authors are thankful to Mr. T. Hagiwara for Rietveld analysis.
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