Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 19, pp 6400–6405 | Cite as

Effect of pulsed DC current on atomic diffusion of Nb–C diffusion couple

  • Takayuki Kondo
  • Masahide Yasuhara
  • Taku Kuramoto
  • Yasuhiro Kodera
  • Manshi OhyanagiEmail author
  • Zuhair A. Munir
Proceedings of the Symposium on Spark Plasma Synthesis and Sintering


The effect of pulsed DC current on the atomic diffusion of an Nb–C system using Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) was investigated. In all experiments, a current density of approximately 723 A/cm2 was applied to the specimen and used in a temperature range of 1,673–1,973 K. From the results of X-ray diffraction analysis, the product phases formed between Nb and C were found to be Nb2C and NbC. The growth of product layers significantly increased in the presence of current. However, the thickness of the product layer did not change in the current direction in the SPS. The activation energies for the formation of the Nb2C and NbC layers were calculated to be 298 ± 4 kJ/mol and 282 ± 3 kJ/mol in the presence of current, which were similar values compared to the activation energies of 300 ± 5 kJ/mol and 285 ± 2 kJ/mol in the absence of current, respectively.


Spark Plasma Sinter Diffusion Couple Product Layer Atomic Diffusion Growth Rate Constant 



The authors acknowledge the partial support for this work by grant based on High-tech Research Center Program for private Universities from the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology (MO).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takayuki Kondo
    • 1
  • Masahide Yasuhara
    • 1
  • Taku Kuramoto
    • 1
  • Yasuhiro Kodera
    • 1
  • Manshi Ohyanagi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zuhair A. Munir
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Chemistry, Innovation Materials and Research CenterRyukoku UniversityOtsu ShigaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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