Effect of HNO3 on crystalline phase evolution in lithium silicate powders prepared by sol–gel processes
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An interesting observation is reported on the dramatic effect of HNO3 on crystalline phase evolution in the 33.3 mol% Li2O–SiO2 glass–ceramic (stoichiometric composition of lithium disilicate Li2Si2O5, LS2) prepared by sol–gel processes from tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and lithium ethoxide precursors. Nitric acid (65%), in molar ratio HNO3/TEOS = 0.1, was added either to the precursor sol or to 95 °C dried gel. The product, which is amorphous at temperatures below 450 °C, transforms into crystalline lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3, LS) at around 550 °C (starting temperature ∼450 °C), instead of forming crystalline LS2. Phase separation in the glassy phase may be responsible for the formation of lithium metasilicate. XRD, 29Si MAS, and 7Li static NMR were used to follow the crystallization evolution and network structures of the materials heat-treated at various temperatures.
KeywordsLithium Ethoxide Li2O LiOH LiNO3
The contribution of Michael Walker to the NMR work is gratefully acknowledged. This work was supported by the University of Auckland through the award of a Postdoctoral Fellowship to Bo Zhang.