Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 14, pp 4886–4891 | Cite as

Electrical-thermal switching effect in high-density polyethylene/graphite nanosheets conducting composites

  • Lichun Zhou
  • Jinshan Lin
  • Hongfei Lin
  • Guohua ChenEmail author


The nonlinear response in high-density polyethylene/graphite nanosheets conducting composites under increasing applied voltage is investigated. Under sufficient applied constant voltage, the resistance increases initially due to Joule heating effect and then eventually reaches a steady value with a characteristic thermal relaxation time τh, which decreases as the applied field increases. The switch value, namely the ratio of the resistance under steady condition to the resistance of sample in linear regime, gradually increases with the increasing applied field. The threshold voltage (V0) at which the resistance start to increase with time scales with linear regime resistance (R0) of the sample as \( V_{0} \sim R^{x}_{0} ,\) with the exponent x = 0.78 ± 0.05. All the curves of R/R0 vs. V/V0 collapse to a similar curve with the function R/R0 = 1 + α(V/V0)θ. The results reveal that the threshold voltage value decreases with increasing graphite nanosheets content in the composites.


Threshold Voltage Percolation Threshold Conducting Filler Switching Effect Conducting Composite 



This work was sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20574025), National Natural Science of Fujian Province (2005HZ01-4), and the Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for FUJIAN Higher Education. Thanks are given to Professor K.K. Bardhan from SAHA Institute of Nuclear Physics, India for his kind help in nonlinear conduction theory and measurement techniques.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lichun Zhou
    • 1
  • Jinshan Lin
    • 1
  • Hongfei Lin
    • 1
  • Guohua Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Polymer & NanomaterialsHuaqiao UniversityQuanzhouChina

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